This chapter analyses the Smart Cities Mission launched by India in 2014, with the ambitious goal of transforming Indian cities into drivers of the country’s economic aspirations through big-data-intensive, techno-managerial interventions designed to improve operational efficiency of the delivery of urban services to a ‘world-class’ standard. It locates the new urban policy against the backdrop of India’s post-liberalisation nation-building narrative to understand its drivers, agencies and road map for implementation. We argue that the Smart Cities Mission is ushering in a new model of corporatised urban governance through the rubrics of public–private partnerships and special purpose vehicles, bypassing elected municipal governments. The centralised and technology-centric leapfrog development approach perpetuates dependency on expensive hardware and proprietary technologies. In the process, it fails to recognise the embedded cultural context of a place and the power relations manifested through politics, governance and competing claims. We examine and analyse this policy through the good governance framework.