Over the years, the benefits of biofuel deployment have been widely criticized, whether in terms of economic development or socio-environmental impacts. To help decision makers in implementing sustainable biofuel policy in France by 2030, this study evaluates the support of French stakeholders for different biofuel options. The range-based Multi Actor Multi Criteria Analysis (MAMCA), explicitly considers the different and occasionally conflicting stakeholders’ objectives (feedstock producers, biofuel producers, refining industry, fuel distributors, end-users, car manufacturers, government and non-governmental organizationss). It also provides an exploratory scenario approach that considers the uncertainty about the context evolution and the biofuels’ impacts. The range-based MAMCA identifies the pros and cons of biofuels for each stakeholder group, which helps in implementing additional policy measures to comply with their heterogeneous needs.
Gino Baudry, Thomas Vallée and Cathy Macharis
The decision-making context can be characterized by different types of uncertainty that may affect the decision-making process and its outcomes. Such uncertain contexts may lead decision-makers to take unsuited or at least non-optimal decisions. The range-based Multi Actor Multi Criteria Analysis (MAMCA) framework aims to deal with this issue by implementing an exploratory scenario approach into the traditional MAMCA, using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The chapter presents the range-based MAMCA methodology and the main rationales to deploy it.