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Gino Baudry and Thomas Vallée

Over the years, the benefits of biofuel deployment have been widely criticized, whether in terms of economic development or socio-environmental impacts. To help decision makers in implementing sustainable biofuel policy in France by 2030, this study evaluates the support of French stakeholders for different biofuel options. The range-based Multi Actor Multi Criteria Analysis (MAMCA), explicitly considers the different and occasionally conflicting stakeholders’ objectives (feedstock producers, biofuel producers, refining industry, fuel distributors, end-users, car manufacturers, government and non-governmental organizationss). It also provides an exploratory scenario approach that considers the uncertainty about the context evolution and the biofuels’ impacts. The range-based MAMCA identifies the pros and cons of biofuels for each stakeholder group, which helps in implementing additional policy measures to comply with their heterogeneous needs.

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Gino Baudry, Thomas Vallée and Cathy Macharis

The decision-making context can be characterized by different types of uncertainty that may affect the decision-making process and its outcomes. Such uncertain contexts may lead decision-makers to take unsuited or at least non-optimal decisions. The range-based Multi Actor Multi Criteria Analysis (MAMCA) framework aims to deal with this issue by implementing an exploratory scenario approach into the traditional MAMCA, using a Monte-Carlo simulation. The chapter presents the range-based MAMCA methodology and the main rationales to deploy it.