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Yann Wyss and Tulika Bansal

This chapter discusses how human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) have been a centrepiece of Nestlé’s overall human rights due diligence programme, helping the company to know and show that it respects human rights both at the corporate and operations levels. The chapter is based on the 10-year collaboration between Nestlé and the Danish Institute for Human Rights, in developing a HRIA methodology and conducting over a dozen HRIAs in Nestlé’s operations and its supply chains. First, it describes the applied HRIA methodology and how it has evolved and improved over the years. Through three case studies, distinct features of HRIA are provided and key implementation challenges discussed. The chapter concludes with a potential way forward for HRIAs for Nestlé, which could be applicable for the food and beverage sector more widely, or for other companies with complex supply chains.

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Sibylle Baumgartner and Tulika Bansal

This chapter provides an overview of two distinct types of human rights impact assessment (HRIA) conducted in the travel and tourism industry: a company-commissioned assessment from India and a sector-wide impact assessment (SWIA) from Myanmar. It compares the different methodologies applied against ‘good practice’ criteria for HRIA and discusses challenges encountered in each. Based on this comparative analysis, recommendations for future assessments are suggested. The chapter also evaluates the opportunities that HRIA creates, demonstrating that it is a learning process for the travel and tourism industry and that there is no singular way to assess human rights impacts. Furthermore, it notes that collaboration within the industry is crucial for achieving effective identification and implementation of mitigation measures that meaningfully address adverse human rights impacts. The chapter concludes with a number of outstanding challenges and recommendations for HRIA in the travel and tourism industry, and possibly beyond.

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Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Sam Szoke-Burke and Tulika Bansal

This chapter explores a yet-untested approach for collaborative human rights impact assessment (HRIA) - defined as a joint process undertaken by project-affected people and a company, potentially with the host government or other stakeholders, to investigate, measure and respond to a business project’s human rights impacts. The approach emphasizes deep collaboration between stakeholders. This differs from company-commissioned HRIAs, which usually do not create space for project-affected people to jointly define and implement the process. This chapter explores why stakeholders might wish to undertake a collaborative HRIA, as well as factors affecting the appropriateness of the approach in specific contexts. It also provides an overview of the collaborative approach to HRIA, including discussion of participants, key steps, structure and governance, methodology, dispute resolution and funding. Finally, the chapter reflects on key challenges and opportunities relating to the local context, characteristics of the project and the people affected, and issues related to time and timing.