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  • Author or Editor: Turo Virtanen x
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Turo Virtanen

The structures and steering systems of Finnish public administration have been reformed significantly since the early 1990s. Most reform trends are considered more important by top Finnish civil servants than by the COCOPS respondents on average. The strongest reform trends include transparency and open government, collaboration and cooperation within the public sector, e-governance, and focusing on outcomes and results. Implementation is based on a more top-down approach than is the case in other countries. Staff appraisal talks, management by objectives and results, and internal steering by contracts are used more commonly than in other countries. Key problems relate to policy coordination across governmental sectors and levels.