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Umar A. Oseni

Recent years have seen significant progress in the takaful industry with a strong double-digit growth of 16 per cent amounting to US$11 billion global gross takaful contributions in 2012. In order to sustain this growth and enrich its legal landscape, there is a need to examine the feasibility of effective dispute resolution mechanisms for the takaful industry while drawing some lessons from the conventional insurance industry. This does not undermine the significance of the relevance of Islamic law in designing suitable models of enforceable dispute resolution mechanisms. While using qualitative legal analysis that predominantly adopts content analysis of current trends in takaful and insurance litigation, the chapter finds that effective dispute resolution processes such as arbitration and mediation could be adapted to suit the specific needs of shari’ah dispute resolution in the takaful industry. This would allow for cost-effective settlements that will guarantee existing business relationship among the parties and prevent unnecessary bad publicity in a highly competitive global insurance industry.

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Umar A. Oseni and M. Kabir Hassan

There is no doubt that the rate at which sukuk financing has been accepted in different jurisdictions outside the usual Muslim-majority countries is encouraging. This seemingly considerable feat comes with much responsibility and a proactive role for Shar_‘ah scholars and regulators. The chapter examines prevailing practices in the market and the need to enhance the Shar_‘ah compliance of the processes through proper regulation and follow-up supervision of sukuk transactions, particularly the underlying contracts. To this end, law and Shar_‘ah should complement each other with a view to ensuring compliance with the laid-down rules. A number of fundamental legal issues that are important in the ICM and consequently applicable to sukuk transactions have been raised. Some of these legal issues are either taken for granted during the drafting stage or assumed to be effective even though the philosophy underlying such issues differs from the original value proposition of Islamic economics. Therefore, it is incumbent on the stakeholders not only to promote a commercially viable industry but also to ensure that Shar_‘ah principles are observed at all stages of sukuk transactions. This is where regulation and supervision intercept in the general framework of Islamic finance.