This chapter focuses on how work and personal life roles (e.g., family) can impact one another in positive ways. Since the concept of work–family enrichment was introduced and defined, research in the area has grown rapidly. We review literature concerning work–family enrichment antecedents (i.e., skills and perspectives, psychological and physical resources, flexibility and material resources). We also review outcomes of enrichment, including those that are work-related (e.g., job satisfaction, turnover), non-work-related (e.g., family satisfaction), health-related (e.g., burnout, mental health), and the impact of enrichment on other individuals (i.e., crossover). In addition to descriptive research, some studies have begun to explore individual and organizational interventions to increase enrichment, such as coping and leadership, respectively. The review concludes with directions for future research.
Valerie J. Morganson and Holly C. Atkinson
Kahla A. Davis and Valerie J. Morganson
Researchers have called for more holistic theoretical approaches incorporating both distress and eustress. This chapter reviews and culls together scholarship that provides organizational strategies for reducing employee stress and maximizing eustress toward enhanced individual and organizational well-being. Researchers have recently proposed a consideration of stress interventions based on the prevention level they are designed to address: primary, secondary and tertiary. This chapter echoes that framework, considering common and current intervention strategies by stage of prevention.