This chapter explains Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS) in the United States in the context of a marked increase in unaccompanied children at the border. While many children qualify for other forms of immigration relief, SIJS remains a vital, if imperfect, form of relief for thousands of children each year. Increases in arrivals have stretched the ability of not-for-profit agencies to provide representation and services, and the capacity of the government to adjudicate applications for relief. Additionally, statutory limits on annual grants have created backlogs. These developments threaten the role of SIJS as a predictable form of relief from removal.