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Vivek Shandas, Anandi van Diepen, Jackson Voelkel and Meenakshi Rao

In this chapter the authors argue for using coproduction as a model for urban resilience, based on a recent collaborative project between planners and researchers. They review the findings of four collaborative workshops of neighborhood-scale climate adaptation, using spatial and statistical analyses, as well as posit the conceptual framework underlying the project’s collaborative rationality. Their assessment is from two perspectives: (1) an academic, phenomenological lens; and (2) a pragmatic lens. They argue that, in order to understand resilience, we must first ask the question “Resilience to what and for whom?” To that end, they consider what characterizes those communities that are affected by two major urban environmental hazards, namely air pollution and urban heat, in the city of Portland, Oregon in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Empirically, the authors explore neighborhood-level exposure to air pollution and extreme heat, as well as these spatially defined communities’ physiological sensitivity to the two hazards, and their social capacity to adapt to them. Phenomenologically, the authors argue that this collaboration is an effort in coproduction, encapsulating cooperation between scientific experts and governmental authorities in the production of knowledge toward a socially determined goal in the public interest.

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Vivek Shandas, J. Alan Yeakley, Elise Granek, David Ervin, Veronica Dujon and Heejun Chang

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Liliana Caughman, Noel Plemmons, Fletcher Beaudoin, Michele Crim and Vivek Shandas

The models and methods used by scientists for environmental assessments and scenarios often face practical hurdles of application. Due to institutional barriers, including limited capacity, institutional silos, and inaccessibility of high-tech quantitative modelling tools, advanced scenario planning methods may remain as academic exercises with little or no guidance for municipal planning agencies. In this chapter the authors offer a framework for integrating assessments and scenarios into the municipal workflow to deal with grand environmental challenges. Their approach, the Scenario Collaboratory, works by engaging with a wide range of decision-makers and using academic knowledge to advance city planning outcomes. In this study, the Scenario Collaboratory framework was used to design and implement interagency scenario planning workshops in the City of Portland, which focused on resilience to and recovery from two major natural disasters: a magnitude 8.5 earthquake, and a 500-year (recurrence interval) flooding event. Through this in-depth case study, the authors draw out several principles about collaborative management and implementation that can support practical applications of scenario planning outcomes.