This paper analyses problems that emerged with the development of China's Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) industry, especially the indirect infringement liability of IPTV manufacturers, focusing on the analysis of its subjective elements. Based on other research papers and the relevant laws and regulations, from the practical perspective of the changing conditions from joint infringement to fault and control theory regarding indirect infringement liability, this paper elaborates different approaches for the indirect infringement of China's IPTV manufacturers, and discusses the two key subjective elements that constitute indirect infringement: one is whether they are ‘aware of’ the infringement, and the other is whether they ‘fail to take timely measures to remove them’ after knowing about the infringement.
Kishor Sharma and Wang Wei
The purpose of this chapter is to examine the role of vertical specialization in the expansion of Chinese foreign trade. The investigation of this issue is particularly important in the context of rising cross-border trade in intermediate inputs. In an environment in which cross-border trade in intermediate inputs is rising rapidly, the standard measure of exports (which is determined by the market value of goods sold internationally) can be much higher compared to domestic value-added (not including the value of imported components), providing an overestimated value of exports and hence inaccurate representation of net trade. As China’s foreign trade continues to expand, especially following its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the examination of the role of vertical specialization in this process can provide useful policy insights.
T.K. Peng and Tsai-Wei Wang
Wen-Dong Li, Remus Ilies and Wei Wang
Behavioral genetics approaches to the study of individual differences have been widely applied in various disciplines in social sciences to investigate the “nature versus/and nurture” issue through disentangling influences from genetic factors (i.e., influences from nature) and environmental factors (i.e., influences from nurture). However, leadership research has only recently embraced such approaches. This is unfortunate considering the long-standing debate on whether leaders are born or made, and the more recent emphasis on person–environment interplay in leadership research. In this chapter, the authors first discuss the importance of the behavioral genetics approach to organizational research. They then introduce two types of behavioral genetics research that have been adopted so far: classic twin studies and molecular genetic research capitalizing on specific DNA information. Specifically, they explain how univariate biometric analyses, and bivariate biometric analyses based on twin studies can be applied to study important issues in leadership research. With respect to molecular genetic research, they discuss the candidate gene approach and genome-wide association studies, and how they can be useful in advancing leadership research. They also provide brief research examples based on previous research in which such approaches can be employed in addressing critical questions in leadership.
Douglas W. Arner, Paul Lejot and Wei Wang
Ta-Wei Tang, Ya-Yun Tang, Michael Chih-Hung Wang and Tsai-Chiao Wang
Hotels can attract customers by adopting artistic strategies and leveraging local cultural resources. By using artistic service innovation strategies, hotels can provide unique additional value and an unforgettable sensory experience to their customers. Thus an artistic service innovation strategy provides hotels with a sustained competitive advantage and contributes to their profits. In the hotel industry, effective human resource practices can be considered as the driving force for a hotel’s development of new service. To achieve artistic strategies, hotels should develop a self-aligned system of high-performance human resource practices to enhance employees’ abilities, motivation, and opportunities for providing unique additional value or memorable new service to customers. Based on this human resource-based perspective, this research explores mechanisms through which high-performance human resource practices assist managers in appropriately arranging resources to assist hotels in successfully engaging in artistic service, resulting in better operational performance.