Zhe Wang and Wei Li
This paper analyses problems that emerged with the development of China's Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) industry, especially the indirect infringement liability of IPTV manufacturers, focusing on the analysis of its subjective elements. Based on other research papers and the relevant laws and regulations, from the practical perspective of the changing conditions from joint infringement to fault and control theory regarding indirect infringement liability, this paper elaborates different approaches for the indirect infringement of China's IPTV manufacturers, and discusses the two key subjective elements that constitute indirect infringement: one is whether they are ‘aware of’ the infringement, and the other is whether they ‘fail to take timely measures to remove them’ after knowing about the infringement.
Wei Liu, Mian Li, Jie Yang and Shaokun Wei
Wei Li, Lucia Lo and Yining Tan
Globalization in China is marked by increasing social and personal mobility. With student mobility a key outcome of this process, this chapter examines the relation between some globalization indicators and the migration intention as well as transition behavior of Chinese students/professionals in Canada and the United States. It finds a strong desire among Chinese students/professionals, especially those with doctoral degrees, to remain in North America after their study/exchange, in part due to the presence of permissive policies there. In reality, most that remain only enjoy temporary work visa status. The path to permanent residency is circuitous and/or lengthy, if not impossible. Increasingly, more graduates are returning to China, some (including established, top-tier academics and professionals) attracted by government-initiated incentives, some by the type of opportunities afforded by a booming economy, and others (especially those with an undergraduate degree or college diploma only) being forced to accept the only available alternative because of the harsh reality of the difficulties of immigrating permanently. These findings have implications for both the Chinese and the North American side in the medium and long term.
Du Debin, Huang Li and Xu Wei
Wei Zhang, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam and Kevin X. Li
Cluster research has been a key subject in regional studies over the past two decades. In waterborne transport geography, maritime clusters are centres of industry and economic development. This research investigates the corresponding mechanisms, originating from diverse modes of regional economic development, for maritime cluster evolution. More importantly, development models and policies which are suitable for each mode of maritime cluster development are proposed – namely the maritime production cluster, maritime service cluster and the all-in-one maritime cluster. Empirical case studies are presented for each mode of maritime cluster. As a whole, this chapter provides practical strategic recommendations for policy makers on how maritime clusters should be developed with a systematic plan and mapping, en route to higher value-added maritime clusters.
Wen-Dong Li, Remus Ilies and Wei Wang
Behavioral genetics approaches to the study of individual differences have been widely applied in various disciplines in social sciences to investigate the “nature versus/and nurture” issue through disentangling influences from genetic factors (i.e., influences from nature) and environmental factors (i.e., influences from nurture). However, leadership research has only recently embraced such approaches. This is unfortunate considering the long-standing debate on whether leaders are born or made, and the more recent emphasis on person–environment interplay in leadership research. In this chapter, the authors first discuss the importance of the behavioral genetics approach to organizational research. They then introduce two types of behavioral genetics research that have been adopted so far: classic twin studies and molecular genetic research capitalizing on specific DNA information. Specifically, they explain how univariate biometric analyses, and bivariate biometric analyses based on twin studies can be applied to study important issues in leadership research. With respect to molecular genetic research, they discuss the candidate gene approach and genome-wide association studies, and how they can be useful in advancing leadership research. They also provide brief research examples based on previous research in which such approaches can be employed in addressing critical questions in leadership.