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Wim van Oorschot

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Wim van Oorschot and Bart Meuleman

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Femke Roosma and Wim van Oorschot

European citizens are generally strong supporters of a generous welfare state. However, European countries differ quite strongly in type and quality of their welfare states, as well as in the degree to which they are under socio-economic pressure. The question we address in this chapter is how unified Europe actually is when it comes to welfare attitudes and opinions of its populations. For the regions of Eastern, Southern, Western and Northern Europe we explore welfare attitudes in a multidimensional perspective and we try to explain regional dividing lines by analysing country-level covariates as social spending, poverty risk, wealth and unemployment levels, all controlled for composition effects. Findings show that socio-economic and institutional differences both influence individual welfare attitudes across regions. Where Northern and Western welfare states, with larger groups of citizens that are overall positive toward the welfare state, might overburden their citizens with high spending levels, Eastern and Southern welfare states, with larger groups of citizens that are performance critical toward the welfare state, might need to spend more to fulfil the public demand for a stronger role of the government.

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Wim van Oorschot and Femke Roosma

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Wilfred Uunk and Wim van Oorschot

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Edited by Wim van Oorschot, Michael Opiekla and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

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Wim van Oorschot, Michael Opielka and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

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Culture and Welfare State

Values and Social Policy in Comparative Perspective

Edited by Wim van Oorschot, Michael Opiekla and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

Culture and Welfare State provides comparative studies on the interplay between cultural factors and welfare policies. Starting with an analysis of the historical and cultural foundations of Western European welfare states, reflected in the competing ideologies of liberalism, conservatism and socialism, the book goes on to compare the Western European welfare model to those in North America, Asia and Central and Eastern Europe. Comprehensive and engaging, this volume examines not only the relationships between cultural change and welfare restructuring, taking empirical evidence from policy reforms in contemporary Europe, but also the popular legitimacy of welfare, focusing particularly on the underlying values, beliefs and attitudes of people in European countries.
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Foreword

Attitudes to Welfare Deservingness

Edited by Wim van Oorschot, Femke Roosma, Bart Meuleman and Tim Reeskens