Jian Wu, Xiao Wang and Zhe Yang
Lamia Kamal-Chaoui, Margo Cointreau and Xiao Wang
Global Perspectives on Patent Law’s Private Ordering Frontier
Elizabeth Xiao-Ru Wang
While patents are a relatively new phenomenon in China, the country has become a major player in patent applications and patent grants around the world. Currently, the concept of patent pledges by which patent owners willingly diminish their rights to benefit from their patents is, in general, new and unfamiliar to Chinese patent holders. Although a number of Chinese companies in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector have made patent pledges to license on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms as participants of various standards development organizations (SDOs), there is no evidence that Chinese companies have actively made patent pledges outside an SDO. Like many other countries around the world, China is active in enforcing FRAND commitments, the most well-known form of patent pledges. China’s approach to analysing and enforcing FRAND commitments has been under the abuse of dominance framework of its competition law.