This chapter introduces the history of the Rabbinical Seminary and Jewish University of Budapest, profoundly interwoven and entwined as it is with the history of the Jewish community. This community always looked for new paths, was ready for change, but at the same time preserved tradition and the ancient heritage. The author depicts the struggles involved in building and sustaining the Seminary, and how it has reinvented itself, survived, and progressed over the years. The reader can see the ways in which the community and the University itself as an institution of higher education were embedded into Hungarian society, and how both the community and the University were able to endure the terrible ravages of history. During its 150-year history, teaching was suspended for a significant period only once at the Jewish University of Budapest: in 1944.