Renato S. Vieira and Eduardo A. Haddad
Noriko Ishikawa, Karima Kourtit and Peter Nijkamp
Marlon G. Boarnet and Richard K. Green
Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century
Edited by Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough
Leïla Kebir, Véronique Peyrache-Gadeau, Olivier Crevoisier and Pedro Costa
As an introduction to this book, this chapter provides insights on the evolution of innovation patterns, and in particular when dealing with sustainable issues. It highlights the relationship between territory and sustainable innovations and identifies the relationships that such innovations (re)build with territory, as well as the forms of localization that they induce. It presents the four dimensions of sustainable innovation identified in the case studies presented in the following chapters: product, institutional, territory and flagship dimensions. Finally the chapter concludes with some considerations on the innovative milieu concept in regard to the present context of innovation and territorial development.
Christian Livi, Pedro Araujo and Olivier Crevoisier
Based on two case studies, this chapter studies the articulation between sustainable innovations and territories. Using the conventionalist approach, and in particular the idea of the sustainability convention, this chapter analyses the territorial, economic and social dynamics of sustainable innovations in Western Switzerland’s photovoltaic industry and sustainable finance. The main result is that, contrary to ‘classical milieus’ where the innovative efforts are mainly on the supply side, sustainable innovations redefine considerably the relations with consumers, users and even citizens. The chapter concludes with a reflection on the concept of innovative milieu and its cognitive, financial and discursive aspects.
The aim of this chapter is to analyse innovation in the field of sustainable building renovation. The current context of climate change has put the renovation of the existing building stock high on the political agenda. The chapter shows the existence of mainstream building retrofitting operations aiming mainly at meeting the requirements of public authorities. It also shows the presence of other types of projects, which are seeking exemplarity and in which the symbolic dimension is here very important and structuring. It also shows that innovation is made mainly by ad hoc local innovation networks in which distant relations are very important to access to leading-edge knowledge.
Simone Strambach and Frederik Lindner
Sustainable innovation processes gain increasing importance in global change as a response to complex environmental and social problems. These types of innovations are closely related with the institutional and cultural context in which they occur. The blending of ecological, economic and social values – a main feature of sustainable innovations – is connected with the need for combining heterogeneous knowledge bases from various actors that are often spread over different spatial scales and sectors. The aim of the chapter is to contribute conceptually and empirically to a deeper understanding of the relation between knowledge dynamics and sustainable innovation processes in international contexts. The focus is on the territorial shaping of knowledge dynamics and the emergence of new organizational forms. The empirical results are based on Sino-German sustainable innovation processes in green construction.