Processes of social change brought about by international migration usually entail multiple kinds of diversification affecting ethnicities and identities, languages, gender balances, social statuses, skills and more. Written by a leading figure in the field, this research review draws together key social scientific studies addressing varieties of migration-driven diversification.
To what extent does development influence migration? How does migration affect development? In recent years, there has been a huge amount of research into such questions about what has come to be known as the migration–development nexus. In this important research review, Oliver Bakewell draws together key articles by leading scholars which investigate past and current thinking on the complex linkages between migration and development. The review studies the impacts of levels of development on both internal and international migration and the impacts of migration on economic and social change in both origin and destination areas. Further topics covered include the influence of transnationalism and diasporas. It presents the reasons for the rise of the migration–development nexus and concludes by offering some critical perspectives on it.
Stephen P. Greaves and Jan Garrard
This research review surveys seminal articles published in the past twelve years focused around non-motorised transport (NMT). The authors have selected papers, drawn from the transportation, health and planning literature, which cover various dimensions of NMT, including prevalence and correlates, health benefits and risks, forecasting and evaluation methods, and policy interventions to increase NMT.