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RAFAEL LEAL-ARCAS

The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Katerina Simonova

This chapter presents Article 29 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with specialised authorities and co-ordinating bodies. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision and provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking. The chapter discusses issues of interpretation and explores for instance the role of National Rapporteurs or other mechanism for monitoring.

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Vahnessa Espig and Julia Planitzer

This chapter provides commentary on Article 30 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with court proceedings. This provision obliges Parties to adapt, within their judicial procedure, measures to protect victims’ privacy and ensure their safety. The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Katerina Simonova

This chapter presents Article 31 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with jurisdiction. The provision lists several types of jurisdictional grounds. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues the interpretation.

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Nora Katona

This chapter presents Article 32 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which sets the general principles and measures for international co-operation under the CoE Convention against Trafficking. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Helmut Sax

This chapter provides commentary on Article 33 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with measures relating to endangered or missing persons. This provision recognizes the importance of cross-border information exchange in particularly serious and urgent situations, including in the case of missing children. It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 34 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with sharing information among the Parties. The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Julia Planitzer

This chapter presents Article 35 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with ‘co-operation with civil society’. The provision formulates a duty to encourage co-operation between state agencies and NGOs. The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Helmut Sax

This chapter presents Article 36 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which establishes the ‘Group of experts on action against trafficking in human beings’ as an independent expert monitoring body to the Convention. The Article forms part of the Convention’s Chapter VII on the ‘Monitoring mechanism’, which should be read in conjunction with Article 37 (Committee of the Parties) and Article 38 (setting out the country evaluation procedure). The chapter begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.

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Helmut Sax

This chapter presents Article 37 of the CoE Convention against Trafficking, which deals with the establishment of the ‘Committee of the Parties’ to the Convention, which forms a political peer dimension to the monitoring process, in conjunction with the work of GRETA, the Convention’s independent expert monitoring body (Article 36). It begins with a short introduction, generally providing an overview of the main issues covered by the chapter. It then reviews the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; provides a comparative analysis of this provision in the context of other international or regional legal instruments focused on human trafficking; and finally discusses issues of interpretation.