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Public Management in the Postmodern Era

Challenges and Prospects

Edited by John Fenwick and Janice McMillan

Challenging the traditional orthodoxies of public management, this timely and comprehensive book adopts a lively and critical approach to key questions of public policy and management.
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Edited by Fergus Carr and Andrew Massey

This broad and all-encompassing study focuses on Europe’s new policy agendas. It brings together international academic experts on a range of policies to discuss Europe’s place in the world and its relationship to the USA and beyond. This book concentrates on two key themes of particular salience for policy makers: the enlargement of the EU and the place of Europe in international politics. An expansive list of important policy areas within these themes is explored.
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The Dynamics of Public Policy

Theory and Evidence

Adrian Kay

In The Dynamics of Public Policy, Adrian Kay sets out the crucial methodological, theoretical and empirical implications of two important trends in the social sciences: a frequently expressed ambition for analysis of ‘movies not stills’ and the regular observation that policy, politics and governance is becoming more complex.
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Howard Elcock

Political leadership is a concept central to understanding political processes and outcomes, yet its definition is elusive. Many disciplines have contributed to the study of leadership, including political theory, history, psychology and management studies. Political Leadership reviews the contributions of these disciplines along with a discussion of the work of classic authors such as Niccolo Machiavelli, Max Weber and Robert Michels.
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Edited by Mark Bovens, Paul ‘t Hart and B. Guy Peters

Why do some policies succeed so well while others, in the same sector or country, fail dramatically? The aim of this book is to answer this question and provide systematic research on the nature, sources and consequences of policy failure. The expert contributors analyse and evaluate the success and failure of four policy areas (Steel, Health Care, Finance, HIV and the Blood Supply) in six European countries, namely France, Germany, the Netherlands, the UK, Spain and Sweden. The book is therefore able to compare success and failure across countries as well as policy areas, enabling a test of a variety of theoretical assumptions about policy making and government.
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Edited by Tony Butcher and Andrew Massey

Civil services in Western liberal democracies have undergone significant changes since the early 1980s, so much so that many of the traditional assumptions underpinning their role and operating practices have been fundamentally questioned. This volume explores a number of themes inherent in this transformation process and the significant problems encountered in modernizing civil services.
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Magdaléna Hadjiisky, Leslie A. Pal and Christopher Walker

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Thierry Delpeuch and Margarita Vassileva

This chapter examines the transfer efforts made by American donors and operators in the policy field of judicial reforms. On the basis of a qualitative empirical study of a Bulgarian case (1989–2014), we highlight the political dimensions of policy transfer. These political aspect associated with the importing and exporting of institutional models highlights two crucial characteristics of international technical assistance. Firstly, in this case it is evident that the process aims to change the status and the role of the judicial system within Bulgarian society, and second, to achieve this the process of transfer involves directly interfering in the host countries’ processes of policy making as well as reform implementation. We show that American transfer agents demonstrate a significant capacity to influence Bulgarian judicial reforms, which rests on a number of key elements: the deployment of a decentralized, grassroots-oriented and bottom-up approach of judicial assistance; the ability to bring together technical and political prescriptions; the aptitude to produce detailed, accurate and usable expertise; and, finally, the capacity to create from scratch local agents of transfer and to build coalitions of political support around them. Keywords: Bulgaria, Europeanization, judicial system, judicial reform, development assistance, US foreign policy

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Cécile Vigour

This chapter focuses on how, and by whom, Lean management was transferred from the private to the public sphere and conceived as a relevant tool to reform the French state, and more specifically the French judicial system. The chapter undertakes a precise context-tracing analysis, which pays attention to the leading role actors play in seizing opportunities, and selecting and adapting policy and managerial instruments. From a theoretical perspective, this chapter highlights the multilayered process of translations through which an idea is transposed to fit into its new context (Callon, 1999; Morris and Lancaster, 2005). It examines the conditions for transfer, the content of the policy and the depth of the changes introduced. This chapter shows that the concrete ways the transferred policy is implemented has a crucial impact on whether or not it is successfully appropriated. Therefore, transfer analysis should consider the historical development of the process, possible alterations in content and in the meaning of what is transferred, as well as the counter-translations proposed by various agents that challenge the transfer process. The greater the distance between the rationale of the transferred policy instrument and the professional and administrative recipient setting, the more the need for adjustment and translation becomes evident. This chapter finds that policy transfers from the private to the public sector are best facilitated by transfer agents who have both the experience and understanding of the specificity of the concerned policy field and professional cultures. Moreover, transfers may lead to a shift in the balance of power between professional groups, as well as within the same group. Keywords: France, justice, legal professions, Lean management, policy instrument, state reform

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Christopher Walker

This chapter examines a policy program of voluntary self-regulation developed and implemented in the Australian road transport sector that has been transferred and modified for implementation into South Africa. In the Australian context the policy is a state initiative and operates with significant state support. On transfer into the South African context, the programme has been modified and is predominantly industry operated receiving limited state support. In this case study we observe policy transfer that is characterised as state to market rather than the traditional notions of government to government transmission. The research primarily draws on qualitative data obtained from interviews with industry participants and public officials from regulatory and policy agencies in South Africa. This comparative study draws attention to both state and market factors that shape policy transfer and policy implementation. The study shows how regulatory policy is refined and redeveloped as the newly implementing state makes adjustments for local circumstances, state capacity and market forces, and aims to improve on the regulatory outcomes achieved by the initiating state. This case study highlights the role of neoliberalism in reshaping policy programmes through processes of transfer, redevelopment and implementation. The analysis reveals how the transferred policy model aims to significantly draw on industry resources and market participants to help deliver regulatory goals with minimal state engagement; a response that aims to compensate for weaker state institutional structures that characterize the adopting jurisdiction. Finally, the analysis provides insight into policy adaptations that result from the transfer process and examines how these innovations might be transferred back to the originating jurisdiction through feedback loops of learning and ongoing interaction. Keywords: voluntary self-regulation, road transport, compliance, South Africa, Australia, trucking, regulation