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Elias Sanidas

6. OIs and manufacturing sectors’ growth in the USA and Japan 6.1 INTRODUCTION In the previous four chapters, the important role of OIs in promoting industrial growth in the USA and Japan has been extensively discussed from a theoretical point of view. In this chapter, a general discussion of manufacturing sector growth1 in these two countries will provide additional support for this view. Emphasis will be given to the role of leading firms and sectors in terms of OIs. This chapter is primarily descriptive, and discusses sectoral performance in terms of OIs and

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Prema-chandra Athukorala

9. Multinational firms and factor proportions in manufacturing: does parentage matter?* An important development in the scenario of internationalization of economic activity since about the late 1970s is the emergence of multinational enterprises from developing countries. As an outcome of rapid industrial development in the post-war era, the more industrialized of the developing countries now provide home to many indigenous firms which have grown in strength to expand production beyond national frontiers, mostly (but not exclusively) to neighbouring developing

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Leandro Conte and Giandomenico Piluso

6. Financing the largest manufacturing firms: ownership, equity, and debt (1936–2001)* Leandro Conte and Giandomenico Piluso INTRODUCTION 6.1 Economic literature has often highlighted the positive connections that can arise and create a relationship between finance and growth (DemirgüçKunt & Levine, 2001), with regard to both the temporal structure of funding and, more broadly, the type of financing sources of the enterprises’ investments (Nakamura, 1993; Yosha, 1995; Johnson, 1998). It has been observed that the investment strategies in physical capital and

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John T. Thoburn

5. Becoming an exporter of manufactures: the case of Indonesia John T. Thoburn* During the 1980s Indonesia moved from being a negligible exporter of manufactures to a significant supplier. In 1980 manufactures generated less than 3 per cent of total exports; by 1992 they were nearly 50 per cent (Hill, 1996: 81). This expansion followed a series of trade reforms as Indonesia – a major oil exporter – coped with the collapse in the price of oil (and other primary commodities). The present chapter focuses on the three main manufacturing export sectors: textiles and

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Leo Sleuwaegen and Reinhilde Veugelers

1. Geographical concentration of production by leading firms in EU manufacturing Leo Sleuwaegen and Reinhilde Veugelers INTRODUCTION 1.1 The process of market integration, triggered in the European Union (EU) by the Single Market Programme (SMP), systematically changes the nature of competition, and therefore the structure of firms and industries. There is a widespread recognition of the potential benefits in terms of higher efficiency and increased competition. The ‘official EU’ view, summarized in the Cecchini Report on the ‘Costs of non-Europe’, anticipated four

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UNIDO

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Manufacturing significantly contributes to global economic growth due to a much higher rate of MVA growth in comparison to GDP. The ratio of MVA and GDP growth indicates the relative importance of manufacturing in overall economic growth. The ratio is greater than 1 when MVA growth is higher than that of GDP. Taking 2005 as the base year for both MVA and GDP, the ratio is 1 for the base year, MVA growth rose for industrialized as well as for developing economies

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UNIDO

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Throughout 2017, the business environment in industrialized economies has been quite positive. The European economy was characterized by a decreasing unemployment rate, a solid and increasing level of investment and consumer confidence extending the scope of domestic demand for manufactured goods. Low energy prices and a stable inflation rate also helped to set the path for the recovery of European industry. Thanks to these positive changes, MVA of these economies grew by 2.7 per

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Hilda Guerrero Garcia Rojas and Alban Thomas

3. Water pricing reforms in Mexico: the case of the manufacturing sector Hilda Guerrero Garcia Rojas and Alban Thomas 1. INTRODUCTION It is well documented that water is becoming a resource with increasing scarcity for a majority of semi-arid countries. In order to promote efficient water management, policymakers are trying to find the best policy tools to allocate existing water reserves and persuade users to adopt conservation practices. Dinar and Subramanian (1997) document country experiences on water pricing, and identify water pricing as a key to improving

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UNIDO

Major trends of growth and distribution of manufacturing in the world ● 10 ● ● 220 200 ● ● Russian Federation EU−12 EU−15 ● ● ● ● Annual growth in % 5 ● ● ● ● ● Growth in % (2000=100) 180 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 0 160 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 140 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● −5 120 100 80 −10 ● ● ● Industrialized Economies Developing & EIEs World 2013 2014 - 37 - −15 2009 2010 2011 2012 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Figure 1: Annual growth rates of world MVA in recent years, by country group, at 2005 constant prices World manufacturing

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Uwe Cantner and Jens J. Krüger

8. Technological and economic mobility in large German manufacturing firms Uwe Cantner and Jens J. Krüger1 INTRODUCTION The analyses reported in this chapter refer to the relationship between firm performance on the one hand and firm and industry evolution on the other. The empirical literature on this so-called industrial dynamics starts its analyses from a number of stylized facts related to structure and structural change (see Dosi et al. 1997). Among those structural factors, of considerable importance is the heterogeneity or asymmetry of firms which suggests a