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Edited by Montague J. Lord

This major Handbook offers a comprehensive analysis of the key issues surrounding the rapid expansion of Latin America’s manufacturing sector. It systematically examines the most important factors influencing the comparative advantages and the globalization of manufacturing industries in the region.
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Edited by Oliver Morrissey and Michael Tribe

This book considers the impact of economic reforms on manufacturing performance and explores policy options for promoting manufacturing. Using country-specific case studies spanning Africa, South Asia, South East Asia and Latin America, the authors examine the evidence for and against both trade liberalisation and government support policy.
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A. P. Thirlwall

3. Manufacturing industry as the engine of growth The neoclassical approach to economic growth, and its offspring ‘new’ growth theory, are not only very supply-oriented, treating factor supplies as exogenously given, but are also very aggregative. They treat all sectors of the economy as if they are alike. They do not explicitly pick out any one sector as more important than another. In practice, however, aggregate growth will naturally be related to the rate of expansion of the sector with the most favourable growth characteristics. There is a lot of

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Ben Wang, William C. Kessler and Andrew Dugenske

8.  Engineering and manufacturing: concurrent maturation of xRL Ben Wang, William C. Kessler and Andrew Dugenske WHY MANUFACTURING MATTERS There is abundant evidence that manufacturing is a critical sector of a nation’s economy for building wealth. A number of studies from governments, corporations, policy institutes and academic institutions support this assertion and indicate that “making things” is an important way to improve a society’s standard of living (Duesterberg, 2013). The United States recently highlighted four key benefits of a robust manufacturing

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Jess Rodgers

7.  Embedded creatives in the Australian manufacturing industry1 Jess Rodgers Introduction According to 2011 Australian Census figures, embedded creative employees (creative employees not working in the core Creative Industries) make up 2 per cent (or a total of 17 635) of manufacturing industry employees.2 The average for all industries is 1.6 per cent. In the 2011–2012 financial year the manufacturing industry formed 7.3 per cent of Australia’s gross domestic product (GDP), contributing approximately AU$106.5 billion to the economy (Department of Industry

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Jesus Angel del Brio, Esteban Fernandez and Beatriz Junquera

9. Competitive effects from eco-manufacturing strategy: influencing factors 1 Jesús Ángel del Brío, Esteban Fernández and Beatriz Junquera In the last few years companies have been forced to introduce more and more advanced environmental practices. According to Klassen’s (2000a) classification, these practices include the implementation of: (1) pollution-control practices – remediation and end-of-pipe pollution controls; (2) pollution prevention practices – the use of materials, processes or practices that reduce or eliminate the creation of pollutants or waste at

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Edited by John R. Bryson, Jennifer Clark and Vida Vanchan

This interdisciplinary volume provides a critical and multi-disciplinary review of current manufacturing processes, practices, and policies, and broadens our understanding of production and innovation in the world economy. Chapters highlight how firms and industries modify existing processes to produce for established and emerging markets through dynamic and design-driven strategies. This approach allows readers to view transformations in production systems and processes across sectors, technologies and industries. Contributors include scholars ranging from engineering to policy to economic geography. The evidence demonstrates that manufacturing continues to matter in the world economy.
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Gouda Abdel-Khalek

4. The main features of the manufacturing sector INTRODUCTION As early as 1983, a World Bank study on Egypt underscored the need for a concentrated effort over the following two decades to achieve an investment rate of 30–35 per cent (World Bank, 1983, p. 45). The study also pointed out that, according to the most desirable scenario based on an optimal growth path of the Egyptian economy, Egypt would have to raise the share of merchandise exports in domestic production of tradables from 13 per cent to 35 per cent over the planning horizon to 2012 (World Bank

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US MNEs in British manufacturing before 1962

Global Business and the Making of the Modern World

Geoffrey Jones

4. US MNEs in British manufacturing before 19621 OVERVIEW This chapter maps the growth of US MNEs in Britain before 1962 on the basis of a unique database. US MNEs began to establish both distribution and production facilities in Britain in the 1850s. By the 1900s US-owned companies were already important in a number of sectors. The role of US affiliates in British manufacturing grew in size and significance as the twentieth century progressed. They were clustered in products involving either high technological content or advanced marketing skills, and in which

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Luis Alberto Ibarra

13. Trade reform, credibility and manufacturing performance in Mexico Luis Alberto Ibarra' 1. INTRODUCTION In response to the Mexican economic crisis of 1982, the government set in motion a major transfonnation of ils economic policy that included ambi lious trade policy reforms. During 1985-87 most quant itati ve restrictions on foreign trade were eliminated and tariffs were significantly lowered. The principle of comparative ad V linlagc suggests thaI the reduction of trade barriers in Mexico should have expanded the production of those goods whose relati ve