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Michael Blakeney

the European Union.6 Conceding that criminal law is primarily a tool for protecting the public interest, the statement recommended that ‘in order to mark the priority given under criminal law to acts that are particularly dangerous from the viewpoint of the public interest, it would be recommendable [sic] to regulate specific forms of IP infringement falling into that category separately and impose qualified penalties for commitment of such acts.’7 The statement instances ‘infringements that carry health or safety risks or severely jeopardise the economic Mohr

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Michael Blakeney

this is that because it is a clandestine and criminal activity, the true extent of counterfeiting and piracy is impossible to calculate with accuracy. The statistics of industry associations, because they are intended to highlight the extent of the problem of the trade in infringing products, are invariably biased upwards.3 For example, if collected through questionnaires addressed to traders, there is a natural tendency for those traders to overestimate the sales which they might have made, but for the presence of counterfeiting and piracy. Similarly, the statistics

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Michael Blakeney

Geographical indications, or marks designating a product’s place of origin, are of huge economic value, and the laws designed to police and protect such designations are increasingly important and under scrutiny. This book is one of the first to offer a comprehensive and detailed examination of the European laws concerning the protection of geographical indications, and the application of those laws. Systematic attention is paid to the categories of geographical indication, including chapters on agricultural products and foodstuffs, wines, and spirits. Consideration is also given to enforcement mechanisms and the influence of the relevant provisions of the TRIPS agreement.
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Elizabeth Rowe and Sharon K. Sandeen

Providing a valuable source of information on the law and practice of trade secrecy in international business transactions, this book provides concise but authoritative insight into international trade secret harmonization efforts and the trade secret laws of many countries. Trade secret law in the United States is promoted as the international standard for trade secret protection and a detailed explanation of the scope and limits of trade secret law in the US is presented here alongside practical guidance on how businesses can enhance trade secret protection while engaging in global commerce.
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Elizabeth Rowe and Sharon K. Sandeen

,000. Depending upon the applicable exchange rate, the RMB500,000 figure equals approximately US$80,000. Under the UCL and the Trade Secrets Regulations, administrative sanctions 10.80 that are quasi-criminal in nature are also available for trade secret misappropriation. These can be imposed by administrative agencies directly without going through the courts. The UCL protects both the owner of the trade secret and its licensees from 10.81 trade secret misappropriation. Since there is no registration of trade secrets, the owner of a trade secret must prove to the enforcement

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Floyd

Wippell it was contended by Wippell that Miss Gleeson was estopped from raising the same complaint against Wippell. Wippell was seeking to take advantage of privity of interest with Denne. Its design of shirt, which it had supplied to Denne had been held not to infringe in the previous action in which Wippell was not a party. Sir Robert Megarry recognized that there was as yet no clear principle about the connection between privity and estoppel in the cases. Could you be bound if you were not a direct party to the judicial decision creating the estoppel? So he had to

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Haijun Lu (卢海君)

, including foreigners and stateless persons, who may authorize Chinese CMOs to manage their copyrights and neighbouring rights under reciprocal representation agreements between foreign and Chinese CMOs. By using legislation to replicate the regulated natural monopoly paradigms of other countries, especially European countries, not only have CMOs authorized monopoly 13 but also the voluntary mechanism has been established in China. 2.2 The operational state of CMOs in China There are five CMOs in China, namely: MCSC, CAVCA, the China Written Works Copyright Society (CWWCS

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Ken Shao

course, does not merely complain, but offers a panacea prescription: the natural force of the market. Landmark anthropologist David Harvey described this prescription for the state as follows: The role of the state is to create and preserve an institutional framework appropriate to [neoliberal] practices. … State interventions in markets (once created) must be kept to a bare minimum because, according to the theory, the state cannot possibly possess enough information to second-guess market signals (prices) and because powerful interest groups will inevitably distort

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Chidi Oguamanam

of agro-ecological imperatives or traditional systems of agricultural production. 10 A food system approach to food security and hunger eradication grounds the multidisciplinary and critical essence of global political economics of food and agriculture. It is an endeavour located in diverse disciplinary aspects of social and natural sciences, sustainable development and environmental studies, as well as nutrition, health and international trade and policy spaces. 11 Within these multidisciplinary explorations, the food system model goes beyond the often

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Yachi Chiang

seven nullity boards, 13 technical boards of appeal, seven boards of appeal for trademarks, one juridical board of appeal (shared with one of the nullity boards), one board of appeal for utility models, and one board of appeal in plant variety cases. 15 The most distinguished feature of the Federal Patent Court, compared with other courts in Germany, is the diversity of the judges’ backgrounds. Not only lawyers but also natural scientists can qualify to be judges of the Federal Patent Court. A judge with a natural science background is titled a ‘Technical Judge