You are looking at 1 - 10 of 16 items :

  • natural rate of interest x
  • Asian Development x
  • Environmental Economics x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

Environmental Protection in China

Land-Use Management

Edited by Jeff Bennett, Xuehong Wang and Lei Zhang

Faced with intensified environmental degradation and decreased agricultural land productivity, the Chinese government has sought policy interventions to reverse both of these negative trends. Among the policy instruments is the Conversion of Cropland to Forest and Grassland Program (CCFGP) that aims to change the pattern of agricultural land use in 25 provinces and autonomous regions across China. This book provides the most comprehensive assessment of the CCFGP undertaken to date. It allows the consideration of fundamental questions pertaining to the sustainability of the land use changes brought about by the CCFGP, its cost effectiveness and the prospects for policy evolution. Contributions from a wide range of economists and scientists in the book provide policymakers in the Chinese government with relevant information with which to pursue more effectively agro-environmental goals.
You do not have access to this content

Suthawan Sathirathai and Edward B. Barbier

discount rate. 1. APPENDIX Using data and information from the work of Lynne et al. (1981) which studied the relationship of natural marsh to the economic productivity of blue crab on Florida’s Gulf Coast, Ellis and Fisher (1987) developed a static optimization model using a Cobb–Douglas relationship to represent production of blue crab. The cost-minimization problem faced by a price-taking fishing industry is min L = cE + l(X–mEaAb), E – (11A.1) – where E is human effort as measured by the number of crab traps set; A is coastal wetland area in acres, which is

You do not have access to this content

Ruangrai Tokrisna

density, relying on mainly ready-mixed feed. Semi-intensive and extensive farms were found only in Muang District of Nakhon Si Thammarat (10 farms). Semi-intensive farms were shrimp farms with a low stocking density, relying on natural larvae while stocking as an addition to natural feed abundance. Semi-intensive farms used some ready-mixed feed at a lower rate than the intensive farms. They were usually those farms that had been lost to disease. After a while, when the environmental conditions were better, owing to the decrease in numbers of shrimp farms in the area

You do not have access to this content

Wattana Sugunnasil and Suthawan Sathirathai

10. Coastal communities, mangrove loss and shrimp farming: social and institutional perspectives Wattana Sugunnasil and Suthawan Sathirathai BACKGROUND When natural resources such as mangroves are depleted at an alarming rate, it is obviously a question of mismanagement. As in the case of terrestrial forests in Thailand, mangroves are under the jurisdiction of the state through the care of the Royal Forestry Department (RFD). However, in practice, local coastal communities play significant roles in the use and management of the resources. This chapter will

You do not have access to this content

Edward B. Barbier and Suthawan Sathirathai

analysis of a cross-section of 89 countries containing mangroves, the chapter was able to provide evidence that mangrove loss globally is associated with expansion of aquaculture production and primary-sector (that is, agricultural) activities more generally. In particular, low and middle-income economies, such as Thailand and other rapidly developing tropical countries, that are expanding aquaculture production and are dependent on resource-based economic development generally for current growth, tend to have high rates of coastal mangrove conversion. Part I of this

You do not have access to this content

Shunsuke Managi and Shinji Kaneko

11. 1 Energy supply-side and demandside effects INTRODUCTION Over the past two decades, the energy intensity of China’s economy has fallen rapidly at a rate unparalleled in any other country at a similar stage of industrialization (Fisher-Vanden et al., 2004; Wu et al., 2005). After 1996, the income elasticity of energy consumption even shifted from positive to negative, accompanied by an unprecedented decline in energy-related CO2 emissions. This shift was contrary to all previous forecasts, which predicted that China’s energy consumption and CO2 emissions

This content is available to you

Edward B. Barbier and Mark Cox

economic influences may also affect mangrove conversion across countries. To represent these possible exogenous influences, we extended our data set for estimating (1.9) to include several additional variables. These were population density, rural population density, the percentage of the total labor force in agriculture, agricultural raw material exports as a percentage of total merchandise exports, total debt service (as a percentage of exports) and the real rate of interest. The source of all these variables was World Bank (1998). Estimation approach Given that our

You do not have access to this content

Shunsuke Managi and Shinji Kaneko

a much higher rate, for a given technology. On the other hand, there are two mechanisms of increasing returns that are innovations in pollution abatement technologies and learning curve mechanisms. The technologies are unlikely to have remained constant in the time period surveyed and therefore we control this technological change factor by an additional variable. Thus, the remaining possibility is the learning curve mechanism. If the production function follows an initially accelerated S-shaped learning curve in the study periods, we are able to observe

This content is available to you

Tatsu Kambara and Christopher Howe

Preface For more than 15 years China has maintained a breathtaking rate of economic growth, averaging almost 10 per cent per annum. This growth has propelled China’s energy demand to the point where a country that was a net exporter of oil in the 1970s cannot now meet its domestic needs from its own natural resources. Indeed, today’s price of a barrel of oil ($60+) is attributed by some, perhaps unfairly, to the unanticipated demands that China has been making on the world oil market in recent years. China is a country that in some respects is today not unlike

You do not have access to this content

China and the Global Energy Crisis

Development and Prospects for China’s Oil and Natural Gas

Tatsu Kambara and Christopher Howe

This book examines China’s record of oil and gas development, its refining capacity, and energy prospects. The authors conclude that there are no fundamental reasons for anxiety about China’s demands on the world energy economy, but they emphasize that its energy future will depend critically on a continuation of reform and internationalization. China and the Global Energy Crisis is a concise but detailed study of these issues.