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T. E. Woronov

are ranked according to their success rate at producing students who do well on the UEE and enter universities; ‘key’ (zhongdian) schools are at the top of the academic hierarchy. The ways that the UEE drives curriculum and pedagogy throughout the Chinese education system have garnered tremendous attention, both in China and among the foreign media and researchers. Extensive research has described in detail the misery that this exam generates among young people and their families, as well as the ways the exam restricts learning to memorization tasks (e.g. Kipnis

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Wanning Sun

permissiveness and lust are often associated with exploitation, oppression or moral decay, performed by class enemies and individuals representing reactionary forces, and, in opposition to this, the revolutionary heroes and heroines are portrayed in a way which de-sexualizes them, thus symbolizing their political correctness and moral purity. Display of sexual desire as a natural, instinctual expression is seen to be incompatible with the revolutionary causes they embody. Cai’s analysis of a range of literary works, including novels such as Xiao Erhei Gets Married (Xiao Erhei

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Song Yu

married between 1948 and 1976 took account of both class labels and class-origin labels when choosing a partner (Xu 2000). Understandably, the cadres and soldiers tended to choose young, good-looking urban women who were politically respectable and reliable and who had regular employment. If not all the conditions could be met, it was common for them to settle for beauty (Zhang, Z. 2009). The popularity of cadres and soldiers in the marriage market and the pragmatic choices commonly made were in part responsible for the comparatively high divorce rates among couples

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Yingjie Guo

overview and case studies of class and stratification in the PRC, focusing on the post-Mao era. Change is a central thread running through the handbook. Specifically, it addresses the growing interest in fluctuations in the significance of class from the Mao era to the post-Mao era and the transformation of the PRC’s class map, status order, structures of inequality, causal components contributing to life chances, and class experiences. The changes in this regard are part and parcel of China’s transition since 1978 from a command to market economy and from a totalitarian

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Edited by Yingjie Guo

This comprehensive, interdisciplinary Handbook illustrates the patterns of class transformation in China since 1949, situating them in their historical context. Presenting detailed case studies of social stratification and class formation in a wide range of settings, the expert contributors provide valuable insights into multiple aspects of China’s economy, polity and society. The Handbook on Class and Social Stratification in China explores largely neglected contemporary topics such as women’s social mobility in relation to marriage and the high school entrance exam as a class sorter, placing it at the forefront of progressive literature.