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Phillip Stalley

18. China Phillip Stalley INTRODUCTION It is not difficult to make the case that China is the most important participant in global climate change negotiations. China is the leading emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), accounting for about a third of the global total (versus 16 percent for the US). In 2012, China generated almost ten gigatons (Gt) of carbon dioxide (CO2), more than the US and European Union (EU) combined (Clark and Hornby 2014). Between 1990 and 2011, China’s GHG emissions increased by 300 percent. In a single year from 2010 to 2011, China’s

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Yan Xu

JOBNAME: Littlewood PAGE: 1 SESS: 6 OUTPUT: Tue Aug 1 12:15:18 2017 6. China Yan Xu I. HISTORY Taxation on capital gains in one form or another has been implemented in many developed and developing jurisdictions in the world. This tax has not yet been explicitly or formally enacted into legislation in China.1 In recent years, however, the rapid economic development of the Chinese state has caused significant changes in the composition of taxpayers’ incomes. The Chinese government has responded to these changes by imposing income tax on a variety of types of

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Thomas Pattloch

CROSS-BORDER COPYRIGHT LICENSING 1 CHINA Thomas Pattloch 1.    Legal framework 1.01 1.1    National laws, judicial interpretations and administrative regulations 1.07 (a)    Copyright statutes issued at the national level 1.07 (b)     Administrative regulations 1.07 (c)    Important judicial interpretations 1.07 (d)    General laws impacting licensing of rights 107 1.2    International conventions and conflict of law principles 1.08 (a)    International treaties in relation

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Michael Dunford and Weidong Liu

33.  Chinese regionalism Michael Dunford and Weidong Liu 33.1  CHINESE REGIONALISM In a world divided into a series of nation-states the concept of regionalism has several meanings. At a national scale regionalism is associated with the identification of subnational economic, political and cultural variation (social heterogeneity) and of the normative economic, political and/or cultural interests of sub-national entities. In some cases analyses of regionalism in this sense emphasize the importance of endogenous change, although in practice change is always a

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China’s Urban Century

Governance, Environment and Socio-Economic Imperatives

Edited by François Gipouloux

The achievements of China’s urbanization should not be evaluated solely in terms of adequate infrastructures, but also in their ability to implement sound governance practices to ensure social, environmental and economic development. This book addresses several key challenges faced by Chinese cities, based on the most recent policies and experiments adopted by central and local governments. The contributors offer an interdisciplinary analysis of the urbanization process in China, and examine the following key topics: the institutional foundations of Chinese cities, the legal status of the land, the rural to urban migration, the preservation of the urban heritage and the creation of urban community, and the competitiveness of Chinese cities. They define the current issues and challenges emerging from China’s urbanization.
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China’s Economic Development

Institutions, Growth and Imbalances

Lu Ming, Zhao Chen, Yongqin Wang, Yan Zhang, Yuan Zhang and Changyuan Luo

The authors identify three major factors in the growth of the Chinese economy: economic decentralization and political centralization; the urban–rural divide; and relational society. These are explored in depth via analyses of factors including urban and rural economic development and their political and social foundations, industrial agglomeration, transitions of public services and governmental responsibilities towards them and developmental imbalances and mechanisms. It is illustrated that whilst contemporary China has obviously made great economic strides, a wide variety of problems are accumulating over time. The book concludes that following three decades of high economic growth, China now faces great challenges for sustainable growth, and the institutions of China’s economy have reached a critical point. Strategies for dealing with these challenges and requirements for the successful future development of China are thus prescribed.
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R. J. Ferguson

China’s Eurasian Dilemmas 1.    China’s Eurasian footprint The Eurasia we speak of in the 21st century focuses on interactions: China’s engagement with wider Central Asia and Russia, Russia’s ‘pivot’ to the east, the complex dynamics of Central Asian nations, and the economic and geopolitical engagement of a range of bordering actors (the EU and India) or engaged ‘external’ states (the US and Japan). This Eurasian landscape is beset by major challenges that are the drivers of 21st-century global politics, including competition for energy and resources

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Richard Madsen

JOBNAME: EE1-NL - Feuchtwang PAGE: 1 SESS: 5 OUTPUT: Tue Jan 21 10:11:12 2020 19. Chinese Catholicism Richard Madsen Missionaries of a Syriac form of Christianity came to China along the Silk Road in the seventh century, during the Tang dynasty. Nothing is left of their communities except the “Nestorian stele” unearthed near Xian around 1624 and now stored in Xian’s Beilin Museum, although copies of its inscriptions have been studied by scholars worldwide. Franciscan missionaries brought Roman Catholicism to the Yuan dynasty in the late thirteenth and early

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Kerry Brown and Meghan Iverson

19.  Assessing China’s challenge Kerry Brown and Meghan Iverson THE US ROLE IN ASIA For some, whether or not the United States will continue to lead in Asia has been called into question with the election of an isolationist president. The unknowns presented by a Donald Trump presidency have captured global attention. Speculation that the United States may be reconsidering its commitments and examining its future aspirations on the world stage hint at the emergence of a more volatile environment. Some have suggested that there is the potential to redraw the

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Junwei Fu

11 China Junwei Fu 1 INTRODUCTION With the rapid development of the economy over the past few decades, the legal system of the People’s Republic of China is receiving ever more interest from the West. The study of Chinese law poses special challenges for those educated in the Western world. In fact, the concept of law as we know it today is difficult to place in the Chinese legal tradition. In China’s thousands years of history, the notion of law has been frequently associated with the ideology of punishment, which only referred to the criminal law. The