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Edited by Stephen Tully

61. UNEP: Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992 Commentary: The CBD (31 ILM 818 (1992), entry into force 1994) seeks to preserve the variety of life on earth and promote sustainable development. For the views of the US during negotiations, see Declaration made at the UNEP Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the CBD (1992) 31 ILM 848. In addition to the provisions below, Article 7 contemplates identifying and monitoring biodiversity components. Article 8 addresses measures promoting in situ biodiversity conservation whereas Article 9 applies to ex

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Marine Yzquierdo

Contents V.1.1 General introduction V.1.2 Section 1: The Convention on Biological Diversity – Introduction V.1.2.1 Concern about biodiversity loss V.1.2.2 Background of the negotiations V.1.2.3 Key elements of the Convention V.1.2.4 Implementation of the Convention’s measures V.1.2.5 Conclusion V.1.3 Section 2: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety – Introduction V.1.3.1 The concept of biosafety V.1.3.2 Background of the negotiations V.1.3.3 Major issues and outcomes V.1.3.4 Other elements of the Protocol V.1

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Andrew Long

7.  The Convention on Biological Diversity and REDD+ The Convention on Biological Diversity and REDD+ Andrew Long* 1 1. INTRODUCTION The CBD interfaces with REDD+ because the development of REDD+ holds significant potential to impact biodiversity and ecosystem services in forested developing countries, and because securing long-erm carbon t emissions reductions in tropical forests will require improvements in forest management that may correspond with biodiversity preservation. Thus, the development of REDD+ is important to the CBD regime and, given its

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Victoria Jenkins

Contents III.24.1 Introduction III.24.2 Gender and biodiversity III.24.2.1 The role of women in the conservation of biodiversity III.24.3 Gender and the Convention on Biological Diversity III.24.3.1 Recognizing the significance of gender in different programme areas III.24.3.2 Gender mainstreaming III.24.4 Gender, biodiversity and other UN agreements III.24.5 Future challenges III.24.6 Conclusions III.24.1 Introduction The United Nations recognized women as a major group in contributing to global sustainable

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Claudio Chiarolla

11. Convention on Biological Diversity and regulatory law as plant protection Claudio Chiarolla* 1. INTRODUCTION In international law, genetic resources, including plant genetic resources, only became the subject of a legally binding regulation with the adoption of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992.1 In particular, the CBD states that ‘the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources’ is one of its three objectives, alongside the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its

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Harro van Asselt

JOBNAME: van Asselt PAGE: 1 SESS: 4 OUTPUT: Wed Mar 19 14:48:37 2014 7. The UN climate regime and the Convention on Biological Diversity 1. INTRODUCTION This second case study zooms in on the interactions between the UN climate regime and the Convention on Biological Diversity as a case of interactions between two treaty-based regimes within the field of international environmental law and governance. Focusing specifically on the role of forests at the nexus of climate and biodiversity governance, the chapter seeks to analyse the consequences of the interactions

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Edited by Stephen Tully

62. CBD: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2000 Commentary: Furthering Article 19(3) of the CBD, the Protocol (39 ILM 1027 (2000), entry into force 2003) was formulated over three years by an Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group on Biosafety established under COP Decision II/5 (1995). The Protocol was finally adopted through COP Decision EM-I/3 (2000) and seeks to protect biodiversity from the risks posed by living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology. It contemplates an advance informed agreement (AIA

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Peter Groves

An international convention adopted in Rio in June 1992. It has a broad agenda, and several areas in common with the world of intellectual property. These include: Regulated access to genetic resources and traditional knowledge, including prior informed consent of the party providing resources. Sharing, in a fair and equitable way, the results of research and development and the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources with the contracting party providing such resources (governments or local communities that provided

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Veit Koester

JOBNAME: Bowman PAGE: 3 SESS: 4 OUTPUT: Wed Mar 30 11:15:41 2016 10. The Convention on Biological Diversity and the concept of sustainable development: the extent and manner of the Convention’s application of components of the concept1 Veit Koester 1. INTRODUCTION The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)2 was adopted on 22 May 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. According to Article 1 the objectives of the CBD are: (1) conservation of biological diversity; (2) sustainable use of biological resources; and (3) fair and equitable sharing of the

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Andreas Kotsakis

-oriented crisis discipline’ 5 and ‘science in advocacy for certain normative agendas’, 6 highlighting the assemblage of biology, ethics and economics that underpins biodiversity knowledge and discourse. Others attributed these difficulties to the ways the concept was universalized and incorporated into international environmental law, by way of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). This line of thought expressed concerns regarding legal implementation of the holistic synthesis 7 of instrumental, inherent and intrinsic environmental values recognized in the CBD