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Lars Nilsson

4.  The European Commission’s role in trade policy Lars Nilsson 4.1 INTRODUCTION The European Commission (the Commission) is led by the Commission President who decides the policy area(s) of responsibility for each of the Commissioners (one from each EU country). The College of Commissioners includes the President of the Commission, the current seven Vice-Presidents, the High-Representative of the Union for Foreign Policy and Security Policy and 20 Commissioners in charge of portfolios. The College decides on the strategic objectives and draws up the annual work

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Lorenz Marx

JOBNAME: Podszun PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Fri Nov 23 09:30:49 2018 2. The European Commission’s enforcement of abuse cases: a statistical analysis Lorenz Marx 2.1 INTRODUCTION Procedural rules can legitimize and greatly influence the outcome of legal proceedings.1 In order to properly evaluate the impact of a particular framework of substantive law, it is therefore essential to understand the way it is being enforced. This contribution presents the key findings of a statistical inquiry into the European Commission’s competition law enforcement in the period

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Konstantina Bania

9. The European Commission’s decision in Google Search Exploring old and new frontiers of competition enforcement in the digital economy Konstantina Bania 1. INTRODUCTION In December 2017, the European Commission published a much-anticipated decision on one of the most debated cases of modern antitrust history. After a seven-year investigation, the Commission found that internet giant Google abused its dominant position in the general online search market on the grounds that it was giving prominent placement to its own comparison shopping services while demoting

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Daniel Silander

1. The European Commission and Europe 2020: smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Daniel Silander This book focuses on European political entrepreneurship in the Europe 2020 strategy. The aim of the book is to analyse the Europe 2020 strategy and the role of European political entrepreneurship in debating, shaping and implementing the strategy within the EU’s political levels of governance. In 2010, the European Commission released an official communication titled ‘Europe 2020 – A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth’. It succeeded the European

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Jan Staman and René von Schomberg

35.  Interview with Robert Madelin, ex-Director General and Advisor on Innovation (European Commission) Jan Staman and René von Schomberg ‘THE CHALLENGE FOR PUBLIC SERVICE IS TO MAKE SOCIETY READY FOR THE FUTURE AND I MUST SAY WE ARE BY FAR NOT READY’ (ROBERT MADELIN ON RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH AND INNOVATION) This interview with Dr Robert Madelin, ex-Director General and advisor on innovation for the European Commission, was conducted by Jan Staman and René von Schomberg. Jan Staman and René von Schomberg (JS/RvS): What are your hopes and worries concerning science

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Anne-Marie Van den Bossche and María Teresa Solís Santos

4. Enhancing the protection of digital consumer rights in the European Union: the EU Commission’s response to geoblocking and geofiltering Anne-Marie Van den Bossche and María Teresa Solís Santos INTRODUCTION On 3 March 2017 the European Commission published the results of the 2017 Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) and the related European Digital Progress Report on the digitization progress made in 2016.1 With regard to the use of internet, the Report illustrates that ‘Europeans are getting more digital’, with 79 per cent of people going online at least

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Daniel Silander and Charlotte Silander

JOBNAME: Karlsson PAGE: 3 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Wed May 30 12:27:34 2018 4. The European Commission: the EU as agenda-setter for economic growth and entrepreneurship Daniel Silander and Charlotte Silander The European Commission has a significant role as a driving engine and agenda-setter for entrepreneurship. Most important for entrepreneurship is the Directorate General (DG) for Growth (for the Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs). The DG for Growth has explicitly and repeatedly stated how Europe’s economic growth and job creation depend on the

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Connie de la Vega

One of the enforcement bodies created under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in 1953. Under the treaty, all cases went first to the European Commission, which would determine if the case was well-founded. If it was, it would launch a case in the European Court of Human Rights on behalf of the individual. Protocol 11 came into force in 1998 and abolished the Commission. After that cases were brought directly to the European Court which now determines both admissibility and substantive issues.

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John Peterson and Andrea Birdsall

4. The European Commission: enlargement as reinvention?* John Peterson and Andrea Birdsall Only the most courageous contemporary analyst could claim to know what significance will be attributed by future historians to the 2004–7 enlargements of the European Union (EU). Perhaps the radical expansion of the EU’s membership will come to be seen as one of the most heroic and consequential steps ever taken towards the political unification of Europe. By this view, the EU system would absorb, without damaging itself, an 80 per cent increase in member states over three

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Anastasia Karatzia and Menelaos Markakis

1 INTRODUCTION The European Stability Mechanism (ESM), which is the permanent mechanism for giving financial assistance to Eurozone Member States, has been in existence for more than four years. Although it is an intergovernmental organisation established under international law, the ESM has ‘borrowed’ the European Commission and the European Central Bank (ECB) from the EU legal order. Both these EU institutions play a central role in the operation of the ESM, notably in the negotiations for financial assistance packages. However, their exact tasks, duties and