You are looking at 1 - 10 of 4,801 items :

  • biodiversity x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

Annalisa Savaresi

Contents III.14.1 Introduction III.14.2 Biodiversity in international law on forests III.14.3 Forests in international biodiversity law III.14.4 Conclusions III.14.1 Introduction In spite of recent improvements, the world’s forest cover decreases by millions of hectares each year 1 and forest loss has been described as one of the most significant instances of human-induced environmental change. 2 Modern forest loss is caused by a complex combination of market drivers and policy and governance failures that at present predominantly

You do not have access to this content

Richard A Barnes

Contents III.12.1 Introduction III.12.2 Islands III.12.3 Legal framework III.12.4 Review of current knowledge III.12.4.1 General observations III.12.4.2 The isola effect, species endemism and the vulnerability of islands III.12.4.3 Invasive alien species III.12.4.4 Climate change III.12.4.5 Development needs of SIDS III.12.1 Introduction This chapter introduces readers to the specific issues and regulatory challenges facing island biodiversity. There is little legal literature on this topic, a lacuna that this

You do not have access to this content

Alessandro Fodella

Contents III.11.1 Introduction III.11.2 The response by international law III.11.2.1 The multilateral ‘soft’ process at the global level III.11.2.2 The indirect consideration of mountain biodiversity by international treaties III.11.2.3 Ad-hoc instruments at the regional level III.11.2.4 Other initiatives III.11.3 Critical issues and considerations III.11.1 Introduction Despite being often perceived as remote and marginal parts of the world, mountains are extremely important, especially from an environmental

You do not have access to this content

Edited by Michael Faure

the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972 V.6 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 1973 Regional agreements V.7 Central American Convention for the Protection of the Environment Agreements regulating the protection of particular species or habitats V.8 International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946 V.9 Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat 1971 (Ramsar) Fisheries V.10 Convention Concerning Fishing in the Black Sea 1959 V.11 The Black Sea Biodiversity

You do not have access to this content

P. Devillers

10. Biodiversity P. Devillers 1. THE BIODIVERSITY CRISIS The expression ‘biological diversity’ or ‘biodiversity’ refers to ‘the variability of living organisms of all origins, including the diversity of species as well as between species and that of ecosystems’ (Glowka et al., 1994). Three fundamental components can be recognized. First, the diversity of species, and therefore of all independent manifestations of the evolutionary process. Second, the diversity of populations, and therefore of the capabilities of species to adapt to a changing environment and to

You do not have access to this content

Neil Craik

Contents III.31.1 Introduction III.31.2 Legal sources of biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment III.31.3 Implementing the obligation to assess biodiversity impacts III.31.3.1 Screening III.31.3.2 Scoping III.31.3.3 Impact assessment study and report preparation III.31.3.4 Public participation III.31.3.5 Follow-up and monitoring III.31.4 Emerging issues III.31.1 Introduction As policymakers direct increased attention to the conservation and use of biological resources, there has been an associated development

You do not have access to this content

Wahyu Yun Santoso

Contents VII.22.1 Introduction VII.22.2 Human rights and the environment VII.22.3 Biodiversity and the challenges of conservation VII.22.4 Rights of local communities and biodiversity VII.22.5 Conclusion VII.22.1 Introduction This chapter examines how biodiversity loss undermines human rights. It concludes that, as the threats to biodiversity are imminent, environmental rights cannot be separated from the fulfilment of human rights. It first examines briefly the link between human rights and environment, then actualizes how

You do not have access to this content

Harro van Asselt

Contents III.22.1 Introduction III.22.2 Biodiversity impacts of REDD+ III.22.3 Biodiversity safeguards in the UNFCCC and the CBD III.22.4 Integrating biodiversity considerations into REDD+ III.22.5 Conclusion III.22.1 Introduction The problem of deforestation demonstrates the intricate linkages between biodiversity loss and climate change. 1 Deforestation not only results in negative consequences for forest biodiversity, with tropical forests being home to a large part of the world’s biodiversity, but it is also a significant

You do not have access to this content

Sandrine Maljean-Dubois and Matthieu Wemaëre

Contents III.21.1 Introduction III.21.2 Two compatible treaties III.21.3 COP decisions: building bridges? III.21.3.1 Addressing climate change in the CBD III.21.3.2 Cautious openness to biodiversity in the UNFCCC III.21.4 Some current challenges III.21.4.1 The need to improve further cooperation between the secretariats III.21.4.2 Improving common understanding and cognitive and normative consistency III.21.4.3 Improving consistency through funding? III.21.4.4 Challenges of the Paris Agreement on climate change

You do not have access to this content

Claudio Chiarolla

Contents III.18.1 Introduction III.18.2 Specialization and genetic erosion III.18.3 The Convention on Biological Diversity and the relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets III.18.4 The FAO International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and Farmers’ Rights III.18.4.1 Why facilitate access to crop genetic diversity? III.18.4.2 The Multilateral System of ABS III.18.4.3 Benefit-sharing under the ITPGRFA III.18.4.4 Farmers’ rights III.18.5 Agricultural biodiversity in the FAO Commission on GRFA III.18