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Nicolás Brando and Helder De Schutter

3. Federal commons Nicolás Brando and Helder De Schutter* 1. INTRODUCTION Dealing with the commons as both a local and a global concern can raise many issues in an attempt to develop a political structure that can manage these various levels of authority. In this response to Pierre Dardot’s proposal (see Chapter 2 in this volume), we focus on his account of how the commons are to be institutionalized in our present world. He presents his proposal as a federal system for managing the commons at both the local and global level. Through the use of the federalist

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Peter Groves

In the world of real property, commons are areas of land available for all to use. By extension, in the copyright world ‘commons’ designate property whose owner is prepared to allow them to be used liberally by others, leading to a general increase in creative activity. See Creative Commons . See also anticommons .

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Klaus Bosselmann

3. Commons Technology can unite and it can divide. It can elevate and it can degrade. It can create a new civilization of abundance, it may destroy all civilization and life on this globe. . . At stake is the survival of man himself. Arvid Pardo, 19721 1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays when we hear the word wealth we automatically think of money. How can we not? Champions of the ‘market’ have ascribed monetary value to everything, transforming our view of nature and its resources. This has been done with little attention to the costs of human impact on the environment

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Robert Cunningham

JOBNAME: Cunningham PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Tue Aug 26 13:38:43 2014 4. Information commons If particulars are to have meaning, there must be universals. Plato 4.1 INTRODUCTION Part I underscored the exclusivity costs associated with the IPR system such as efficiency costs, administration costs, externality costs and distributional costs. There will be instances where benefits of propertisation may outweigh costs, and instances where this will not be the case, although it may be difficult to make this determination with absolute certainty. Here, a social net

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Peter Groves

1. A non-profit organisation, established in the USA in 2001, dedicated to increasing the range of creative works available for others to use, share and build upon. It starts from the premise that creativity will be served if copyright works are licensed on a liberal basis, and promulgates licences designed to do this. Copyright owners who use Creative Commons licences (indicated by an encircled double-c symbol) can choose what rights they wish to retain under their control. It uses the techniques of copyleft for this purpose. The co-founders of Creative

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Samuel Cogolati and Jan Wouters

12. International law to save the commons Samuel Cogolati and Jan Wouters* 1. INTRODUCTION Commons are nowadays on everyone’s lips. Since the landmark book Governing the Commons by Nobel Prize winner Elinor Ostrom (1990), the commons represent an alternative governance model to share resources among communities beyond the logics of market and state. New commons like cohousing initiatives, community gardening, community land trusts, and open-­ source media like Wikipedia, are burgeoning all across the world. Yet, it is too often overlooked that millions of people

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David Bollier

7. Reinventing law for the commons David Bollier I. INTRODUCTION Although it is customary for mainstream economists and politicians to consider the commons a failed management regime – the “tragedy of the commons” – it is in fact a pervasive and highly generative system for meeting people’s needs. Commons tend to function in more culturally satisfying, ecologically responsible ways, which is more than can be said for conventional markets and government systems. An estimated two billion people in the world depend upon various natural resource commons (water

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Pierre Dardot

2. What democracy for the global commons? Pierre Dardot* 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter is based on the keynote lecture I gave at the University of Leuven on 23 February 2016 during the International Conference ‘Global Commons, Global Public Goods and Global Democracy’. In my latest book co-­written with my colleague Christian Laval, and entitled Commun: Essai sur la révolution au XXIe siècle (2014), I claim that the ‘common’, in contrast to global public goods (GPGs) (Kaul et al., 1999), implies a collective production of a good that is not up for appropriation

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Edited by Samuel Cogolati and Jan Wouters

Given the new-found importance of the commons in current political discourse, it has become increasingly necessary to explore the democratic, institutional, and legal implications of the commons for global governance today. This book analyses and explores the ground-breaking model of the commons and its relation to these debates.
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Janelle Orsi

6. Three legal principles for organizations rebuilding the commons Janelle Orsi I.  INTRODUCTION: ECONOMICS FOR LIFE Social movements benefit from slogans, so here’s one for the next economy: “Trees don’t grow on money.” The older conventional “wisdom” tells us that “money doesn’t grow on trees”, and, thus, we are urged to get to work, buy property, invest, and generate money. In industrial societies, wealth accumulation has become a popular strategy for survival. But if survival, or life, itself, is the ultimate goal, why not cut to the chase and simply focus on