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Neil Simcock and Saska Petrova

30.  Energy poverty and vulnerability: a geographic perspective Neil Simcock and Saska Petrova INTRODUCTION Deprivation of energy in the home has become widely recognized as a serious problem for millions of people around the world. In the UK, ‘fuel poverty’ has gained prominence within academic, media, policy and public discourse over the past 20 years, and is now acknowledged as a major societal challenge and form of injustice (Walker and Day, 2012). The term is typically used to describe households who are unable to heat their homes affordably, resulting in

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Marlies Hesselman

Contents IX.58.1 Introduction IX.58.2 International law IX.58.3 European Union law IX.58.4 National law IX.58.5 Conclusions IX.58.1 Introduction It is increasingly accepted that household access to energy services such as ‘adequate warmth, cooling and lighting, and energy to power appliances’ is vital to human development, and to the safeguarding of people’s decent living standards, health, well-being and social inclusion. 1 The European Union (EU) has identified energy poverty as ‘a growing concern’ amongst EU citizens

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Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

19.  Energy poverty: access, health and welfare Subhes C. Bhattacharyya 1  INTRODUCTION The United Nation’s decision to declare 2012 as the ‘International Year of Sustainable Energy for All’ has once again caught global attention on sustainable energy in general and energy poverty in particular. Lack of access to clean or modern energy and an inability to use the desired energy when required tends to adversely influence the development prospects of the population and impose social burdens in terms of adverse health effects and welfare losses. Moreover

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Rob Bailis

24 Energy and poverty: the perspective of poor countries Rob Bailis 24.1 INTRODUCTION Understanding the role of energy in poverty alleviation requires an understanding of the complex role that energy plays in facilitating individual and collective well-being. It is simple to state that particular forms of energy are required for economic activity, and that such activity contributes to wealth. However, this only partially reflects the interrelationship between energy and well-being. Well-being is not determined purely by wealth or economic activity. Other factors

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Matthew Rimmer

3. Energy poverty: the World Intellectual Property Organization and the development agenda When the world is hot and you don’t have access to electricity, your ability to adapt to climate change is dangerously limited . . . Today more than ever, economic growth comes with an on/off switch. Energy today unlocks so much more knowledge, unleashes so much more potential, provides so much more protection, and, as a result, creates so much more stability than it used to. Therefore, energy poverty not only holds back the world’s most vulnerable people – it deprives

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Daniel Behn

13. Linking climate change mitigation and poverty reduction: continued reform of the clean development mechanism in the post-Kyoto era to promote sustainable energy development on the African Continent Daniel Behn 13.1 INTRODUCTION There is concern from a human development perspective that demands to reduce global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will unjustly deprive developing countries of the same opportunities for industrialization already afforded to the developed world. Humanitarians argue that such a limitation could inequitably deny the developing world

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Lucien Limacher

Focus: An analysis on the argument that renewable energy is not viable and sustainable in the socio-economic context of a developing country like South Africa battling with energy poverty and inequality.

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Lucy Williams

respect human rights. See OHCHR ‘Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights’ (2011) <www​.ohchr​.org/​ documents/​publications/​guiding​principles​businesshr​_en​.pdf> accessed 2 April 2020. However, as Tara 552  Research handbook on human rights and poverty rights fundamentalism,’ is to invest enormous energy in correctly formulating social and economic rights and identifying in abstract terms the obligations these rights do or should impose on governments and hoping that appropriate outcomes will result. A variation on this theme is to formulate poverty

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Robert Falkner

need to de-carbonise the global economy have created new energy research agendas within IPE, but also with global energy policy (GEP). It reviews recent research in four environmentally oriented thematic clusters: (1) the emerging energy trilemma of securing energy supply, reducing energy poverty, and preventing dangerous climate change; (2) the optimal choice of policy instruments for de-carbonising global capitalism; (3) the financing of the low-carbon energy transition; and (4) the strengthening of the global architecture for energy governance. While admittedly