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John Turnpenny, Duncan Russel, Andrew Jordan, Alan Bond and William R. Sheate

13. Environment1 John Turnpenny, Duncan Russel, Andrew Jordan, Alan Bond and William R. Sheate 13.1 INTRODUCTION Compared to other policy areas, environmental problems cut across physical and human boundaries, and attempts to address them directly impact on many other sectoral policy areas. Environmental problems are characterized by uncertainty, about the nature and extent of the problems themselves, about what policies to adopt and when, and how to structure institutional arrangements. The presence of strong interest groups acting to protect institutional

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Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

EU Environmental Law 17.  Trade and the environment I.  INTRODUCTION “Trade and environment” now has a familiar sound to it. It refers to the need for, and the challenges of, reconciling ever freer international trade, with the prerequisites of environmental protection. The debate has its origins in the apparent contradiction between two premises. Some argue that free international trade is a precondition for realising such aims as environmental protection and social progress. In this view, the fruits of the economic axiom of free trade, namely the

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Colin Jones

2. Know Your Activity Environment Environment pierces to the very heart of life. If we probe to the beginnings of life, it is there no less intimately dependent on environment than in its completest manifestations. We never find and never can conceive life pure, unenvironed. (MacIver, 1917: 361) All students experience learning environments, whose form we influence, with similar degrees of misperception. Unlike practically all other living organisms on the planet, our students do not arrive complete with sensory abilities honed to pre-set environments, they

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Celine Tan

environment therefore engages wider debates on economic justice, global redistribution and economic sovereignty of States and communities in the Global South. It invites conversations about the nature and impact of international economic law (IEL) on development and the relationship between States, communities and transnational capital and the role of international law and global economic policy-making in structuring the engagement between these different actors. 20.  Enabling International Environment Introduction The enabling international environment (EIE

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Macroeconomics and the Environment

Essays on Green Accounting

Salah El Serafy

Though scientists and environmentalists have long expressed concern over the rapid deterioration of the global environment, economists have largely failed to recognize the issue’s relevance to their field. Salah El Serafy argues for an increased focus on the economic aspects of environmental degradation, calling for a fundamental shift in how economists measure and discuss national income.
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Gama Perruci and Sadhana W. Hall

Teaching Leadership 5.  The learning environment Educators face an exciting challenge for creating program experiences that will foster the personal and professional growth of their learners, both now and into their future. The first step is to shape an optimal environment for teaching leadership. Above all, educators should aim to empower learners with a goal of nurturing, enhancing, and sharpening an evolving leadership mindset. Creating a learning environment necessitates an understanding of the interrelationship between the educator, learners, the

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Jean-Jacques Obrecht

28.  Environment for entrepreneurship Jean-Jacques Obrecht In mainstream thinking on entrepreneurship, the entrepreneur is the central figure. He is seen to be involved in a process of searching for new opportunities and creating new organizations. As a driving force of competition, he takes risks and strives for profits. His behaviour lies on pursuing self-­interest and his environment is confined to markets. In a sociological perspective of entrepreneurship as a whole, this way of understanding entrepreneurship belongs to ‘the supply-­side perspective which

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Sharon Clarke

16.  A safe workplace environment Sharon Clarke There is a wide range of factors, including individual, group, organizational, environmental, legal and regulatory aspects, that influence the safeness of work environments. Significant developments in legal and regulatory frameworks in many countries have provided safeguards to employees in the workplace. Such developments, together with improvements brought about through new technology, automation and safety systems, have led to further reductions in workplace accidents, fatalities and lost-­time injuries

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Robert H. Scott

17. Rethinking the environment Robert H. Scott INTRODUCTION This chapter discusses a fundamental concept in economics regarding the environment that needs rethinking, that is, economic growth. Growth is the most common solution offered to solve economic problems. If a country has too much poverty, high unemployment and high income inequality – all can be solved with more economic growth. This mantra of economic growth becomes pathological and the only thing people focus on when thinking about an economy (see Cutler and Katz, 1991; Stiglitz et al., 2010). Since

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Tracey M Roberts

Contents VIII.14.1 Introduction VIII.14.2 Use of subsidies to address market failure VIII.14.2.1 Externalities VIII.14.2.2 Public goods VIII.14.2.3 Sectoral market failures VIII.14.2.4 Effectiveness of subsidies in addressing market failures VIII.14.3 Use of subsidies to achieve social policy goals VIII.14.3.1 Political economy VIII.14.3.2 Regulation of subsidies in global trade VIII.14.3.3 Subsidies that harm the environment VIII.14.4 Conclusion VIII.14.1 Introduction In general, governments find