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Makane Moïse Mbengue and Susanna Waltman

JOBNAME: Burci PAGE: 1 SESS: 5 OUTPUT: Thu Oct 4 09:06:38 2018 8. Health and international environmental law Makane Moïse Mbengue and Susanna Waltman 1. INTRODUCTION Health and the environment are two areas that are inextricably linked; they cannot be viewed in isolation without serious consequences for humanity. International law has recognized this through the development of principles enshrined in numerous agreements and legal instruments to protect the environment from various threats. While many international environmental agreements on their face appear

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Anthony J. Culyer

A topic on which there is a somewhat patchy economics literature. For principles of evaluating interventions for increasing environmental health and safety see Arrow et al. ( 1996 ) and Bosworth et al. ( 2009 ). On methods see Loomes ( 2006 ). For specific environmental threats to health see e.g. Jones-Lee ( 1989 ) on road traffic safety, Chay and Greenstone ( 2003 ) on air pollution and Dolan et al. ( 2005 ) on crime. See also Occupational Disease and Injury .

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Francesc Hernández-Sancho, Birguy Lamizana-Diallo and William Ingram

10. Valuing environmental and health impacts from no action in wastewater management Francesc Hernández-Sancho, Birguy Lamizana-Diallo and William Ingram 10.1 INTRODUCTION ‘Wastewater’ is a somewhat misleading term. With proper management, the energy, the nutrients, the other valuable materials, together with the water itself, need not go to waste at all. Wastewater could instead generate significant dividends for economies, societies and the environment. Therefore, proper management of wastewater is not only a challenge but also an opportunity. An integrated

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Adam D K Abelkop

’s value added VIII.16.1 Introduction Most of the policy instruments reviewed in the volume – including marketable allowances, emission taxes, performance standards, and technology requirements – require the act of a legislature to become law. In the United States and other common law countries, all environmental or public health statutes are enacted and implemented over the pre-existing backdrop of common law rules that have been established through precedent over time by judges. These rules entitle individuals with a variety of rights with respect to the

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Alan C. O’Connor, Michael P. Gallaher, Ross J. Loomis and Sara E. Casey

9. Estimating avoided environmental emissions and environmental health benefits Alan C. O’Connor, Michael P. Gallaher, Ross J. Loomis and Sara E. Casey INTRODUCTION Awareness of the deleterious environmental impacts of fossil fuel combustion, adverse health events associated with poor air quality and valuesbased shifts toward sustainability have given rise to a growing emphasis on environmental accountability in program evaluation. Downstream environmental costs are not fully captured in market prices, providing a rationale for the public sector to mitigate

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Gerjo Kok, Fred R.H. Zijlstra and Robert A.C. Ruiter

2. Changing environmental conditions impacting health – a focus on organizations Gerjo Kok, Fred R.H. Zijlstra and Robert A.C. Ruiter INTRODUCTION Environmental factors impact heavily on individual well-­being. A clear example of environmental influences on health is the relation between social economic status and health, which also constitutes a challenge when it comes to changing these influences to promote health. Indeed, the ecological approach to health education and health promotion (Green and Kreuter, 2005) views health, which is defined as a state of

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Judith Cherni

7.  Environmental and health costs of economic globalization policies in Latin America Judith Cherni INTRODUCTION Latin America has been particularly badly affected by intensified economic activity resulting from decades of globalization, although almost nowhere on the planet has been spared its environmental impacts entirely. The liberalization policies of the Washington Consensus have advocated the principle of ‘comparative advantage’ to stimulate economic growth in the developing countries through their participation in the international economy. For

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Oliver Tassinari, Jurron Bradley and Michael Holman

10 The evolving nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety landscape: a business perspective Oliver Tassinari, Jurron Bradley and Michael Holman The emerging technologies business consultancy firm Lux Research has tracked the significance and impact of Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) issues on nanotechnology commercialization for a number of years. Through a series of analyses (see, for example, Lux Research, 2006, 2007, 2008a, 2008b, 2009) the firm has provided insight into the EHS issues facing companies investing in nanotechnology, including

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Lukasz Gruszczynski

21. Standard of review of health and environmental regulations by WTO panels* Review of health and environmental regulations by WTO panels Lukasz Gruszczynski I. INTRODUCTION The issue of the applicable standard of review in health and environmentrelated trade disputes has recently become prominent in scholarly discussions. While earlier research tended to concentrate on specific substantive requirements of WTO law,1 more recent scholarship has turned its attention to this specific procedural question. This shift is most probably a result of developments in WTO

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Thomas B. Fischer, Tara Muthoora and Nicola Sworowski

14. Integration through strategic environmental assessment: the case of health in English strategic planning Thomas B. Fischer, Tara Muthoora and Nicola Sworowski INTRODUCTION: WHAT DOES INTEGRATION IN AND THROUGH SEA MEAN? Discussions on integration in and through Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) usually revolve around the alignment of different substantive issues to be assessed (see also Chapters 15, 16 and 17 by Scott, 2021; O’Mahony, 2021; and Slootweg, 2021, respectively). In this context, SEA is frequently discussed as a sustainability or