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Thomas Hylland Eriksen

JOBNAME: Wydra PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Mon Oct 22 14:54:27 2018 27. Globalization Thomas Hylland Eriksen INTRODUCTION A term that came into fashion in the social sciences around 1990, globalization generally refers to processes leading to the increased density, speed and reach of transnational connections, associated with the global spread of capitalism and new information and communication technologies (ICTs). Globalization can be studied in its economic, political, ecological or cultural aspects, and there is a rich scholarly literature, much of it

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Min Wan, Romila Singh and Margaret A. Shaffer

24.  Global families Min Wan, Romila Singh and Margaret A. Shaffer INTRODUCTION The pace of globalization has accelerated the emergence and development of various forms of global employees. For example, some employees accept assignments to relocate to a host country (Black and Gregersen, 1991a), some take on these assignments without relocation and instead frequently travel to different countries (Welch and Worm, 2006), and others choose to work with global virtual teams (Collings et al., 2007). Although global employment offers opportunities for career

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Julia M. Puaschunder

5. Global governance Global governance advances societies by enhancing social responsibility in market systems and improving governmental efficiency. CSR becomes a feature of global governance when corporations provide social welfare, but also when CSR serves a multi-stakeholder conflict resolution means in public private partnerships (PPPs). Governments foster corporate social service provision, as this flexible, soft-law approach benefits from comparatively low resistance. Under the lead of international organizations, the contributions of CSR to global

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Global Control

Information Technology and Globalization since 1845

Peter McMahon

Global Control aims to achieve a clearer understanding of the long process of globalization by focusing on the crucial role of information and control technologies. Information systems and control technologies are key to globalization and, while generally facilitating the overall trend to spatial reorganization, they also effect change through the pervasive influence of ‘internal systems logic’. Thus, the author argues, the dominant institutions of states, firms and markets transform global development and are themselves transformed by key information technologies. More specifically the book identifies the key phases of modern globalization and analyses the crucial role played by different information technologies at each point in time.
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Markus Lederer

1.  Global governance Markus Lederer INTRODUCTION Climate change is a critical issue for global governance as the challenges are mounting up to pose a highly significant problem (Levin et al. 2012; Bernauer 2013) and climate change politics has become a lynchpin for overall international cooperation (Andresen 2013, pp. 314ff.). Could global governance be a solution to all these problems? The term ‘global governance’ on the one hand implies the normative notion that global problems should be dealt with at the global level. On the other hand it refers to ‘the

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Mathias Koenig-Archibugi

19.  Global governance Mathias Koenig-Archibugi Globalisation represents a major challenge to governance. Indeed, for many the concept of globalisation itself is inextricably linked to the idea of ungovernability. This association is comprehensible, since the classic locus of governance is the state, and the debate on globalisation concerns mainly the allegedly declining capacity of states to regulate what happens within their territories as a result of their growing enmeshment in cross-border flows and networks.1 This chapter does not address to what extent

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Michael Anderson Schillig

JOBNAME: EE1 - Haentjens PAGE: 2 SESS: 5 OUTPUT: Wed Jul 10 09:49:43 2019 1. Global solutions Michael Anderson Schillig 1.1 INTRODUCTION Over the last 30 years, finance has become a truly global business. Driven by a desire for ever higher yields and facilitated by financial liberalization and technological innovation, large financial services providers operate on a global scale through extensive networks of subsidiaries and branches in many countries, managed along functional and product lines in disregard of national borders and legal entity boundaries.1

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Gelaye Debebe

26  Global organisations Gelaye Debebe INTRODUCTION This chapter addresses the role of global organisations in globalisation and development processes. At the broadest level, economic development is concerned with the formulation of policies aimed at improving human well-being, however conceived.1 While increasing national wealth is often thought of as an important aspect of development, the relationship is not direct. Wealth is a catalyst for development when it is broadly distributed and when it is utilised to secure and meet basic needs. Human development

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Globalizing Welfare

An Evolving Asian-European Dialogue

Edited by Stein Kuhnle, Per Selle and Sven E.O. Hort

From the welfare state’s origins in Europe, the idea of human welfare being organized through a civilized, institutionalized and uncorrupt state has caught the imagination of social activists and policy-makers around the world. This is particularly influential where rapid social development is taking place amidst growing social and gender inequality. This book reflects on the growing academic and political interest in global social policy and ‘globalizing welfare’, and pays particular attention to developments in Northern European and North-East Asian countries.
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Ted Schrecker

29  Global health Ted Schrecker INTRODUCTION: GAINS AND LOSSES On a global scale, contrasts between the health of the rich and the poor are dramatic. In the United Kingdom (UK), average life expectancy at birth in the most recent year (2013) for which estimates were available was 81; across the World Health Organization (WHO)’s entire African region, it was 58 (World Health Organization 2015). In the UK, a woman’s risk of dying from complications of pregnancy or childbirth is one in 6900; in sub-Saharan Africa, the world’s poorest region, it is estimated at one