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Keith H Hirokawa and Aurelia Marina Pohrib

JOBNAME: Verschuuren PAGE: 1 SESS: 6 OUTPUT: Tue Jun 25 11:36:21 2013 13. Climate change adaptation and green building Keith H Hirokawa and Aurelia Marina Pohrib 1 INTRODUCTION Climate change poses one of the most significant challenges ever faced in terms of the stability of civil society, the security of access to natural resources, and the ecological integrity of the human environment. Committed warming and the projected rapid rate of impacts due to climate change will result in an unpredictable and unfamiliar environment, requiring both civil society and

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Julie Cidell

23. LEED buildings Julie Cidell LEED refers to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design rating system of the non-profit United States Green Building Council (USGBC). LEED is not a set of standards, which are more technical, specific guidelines, but a rating system that produces an overall score. The ratings produced by LEED comprise one example of designating green buildings, or structures that are designed to have less of an environmental impact than a traditional building of the same type. There are obviously many ways to define and implement the

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Vera Weick

increase in public and private investment going into green sectors; and (iv) a changing composition of aggregated consumption in which the share of environmentally friendly products and services increases. Building on UNEP’s report ‘Towards a Green Economy’, areas of policy-­making which provide key enabling conditions for a Green Economy transition include: (i) promoting investment and spending in areas that stimulate a Green Economy (e.g. in technology, infrastructure or infant industries); (ii) limiting government spending in areas that deplete natural capital through

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Konar Mutafoglu, Patrick ten Brink, Sabrina Dekker, Jamie Woollard and Jean-Pierre Schweitzer

economy and society Urban Heat Islands and Heat Stress The ability of buildings to retain heat, combined with a high ­concentration of buildings in urban areas, results in urban heat islands (Watkins et al., 2007). Urban heat islands can be observed in cities all over the world, while the heat differential between the built-up urban area and suburban areas differs with the degree of green coverage in urban centres (Zoulia et al., 2009; Peng et al., 2012). Heat stress occurs when the human body is unable to regulate its normal temperature. If left untreated, heat stress

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Laura Meade and Adrien Presley

8  Building the business case for sustainable supply chains Laura Meade and Adrien Presley 8.1 INTRODUCTION Sustainability is defined as economic activity that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs (Brundtland, 1987). Today it is commonly defined within the framework of the triple bottom line (TBL), three related components consisting of social, environmental and economic sustainability. Social aspects include public policy-making, fair labour standards and equal treatment of all

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Michael Short

example, buildings, trees, and formal and informal green and open spaces – has encouraged both expert and citizen led movements to conserve, in some form, these ‘relics of the past’ (Tung, 2001, p. 3). Conservation planning has thereby evolved to protect – and in some cases enhance – elements of the past through regulatory regimes. It is a multi-­dimensional, multi-­objective forum for the management of change in the built and natural environment that is both regulatory, in the sense that it is enshrined within a statutory system, and visionary, in the sense that future

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Decarbonising the economy and its social consequences

Climate Change, Capitalism and Sustainable Wellbeing

Ian Gough

to more integrated policies to achieve both social and climate goals, focusing on housing and retrofitting. Building on the discussion of green growth in Chapter 3 , I draw on a range of economic theory, from orthodox neoclassical to heterodox theory. One approach identifies three ‘pillars’ embracing different conceptions of risk, fields of theory, economic processes and implications for public policy (Grubb et al. 2014). The first and dominant pillar is the economy as conceived by neoclassical economics and optimisation theory. The key policy solution to

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Cole Hendrigan

-by-site, to determine what area is to undergo change. Then – in the spreadsheet – set the ‘efficiency’ of the use of this land: how much of the building mass is set back from the street, how much land will be surface parking and internal roads, and how much will be green space within each site. In a similar fashion to the regional model, the height for each site is nominated, the mix of land use as a ratio is set, and M4270-HARTZ-KARP__t (v2).indd 86 08/06/2017 15:58 Three models at three scales on the pillars of sustainability ­87 an average number for the dwelling

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Andy J. Moffat

woodlands); provision of chips for boards and pulp for paper Timber products (e.g. raw and recycled wood) as fuel for heat and power plants, as domestic firewood Some types of green infrastructure will support informal provision of berries and fungi. Formal types of green infrastructure such as allotments can support a wider range of food provision Capture of atmospheric pollutants in tree canopies and consequent reduced exposure for humans, buildings etc. Green cover to stabilise contaminated brownfield land and hinder the pathways between source and receptors Vegetation

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Johan Bastiaensen, Frédéric Huybrechs and Gert Van Hecken

6 The role of microfinance and financial inclusion in the quest for environmental sustainability Johan Bastiaensen, Frédéric Huybrechs and Gert Van Hecken Building on the argument for a ‘double bottom line’ of financial and social/poverty objectives, some argue for a third bottom line to engage with environmental crises (Hall et al., 2008; Huybrechs et al., 2015). In this chapter, we provide an overview of nascent practices of ‘green microfinance’ and develop a perspective on how (micro) finance relates to the transformation to sustainability. This topic is