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The International Council on Human Rights Policy

JOBNAME: Sarnoff PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Fri Mar 18 10:44:46 2016 8. Beyond technology transfer: protecting human rights in a climate-constrained world The International Council on Human Rights Policy This chapter is an edited version of a report (ICHRP Report) by the same name that was drafted and published by the International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP) in 2011.1 Technology transfer has been consistently central to the climate change regime since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed in Rio in 1992. Its

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Wouter Vandenhole

30.  Human Rights This contribution explains what human rights are and what their foundations may be. It introduces the main instruments and mechanisms of human rights law, and explores some themes at the intersection of human rights and development, in particular human rights relativism, context-specificity and human rights-based approaches to development. What are human rights? Human rights are often defined as a set of fundamental rights held by every individual on the basis of his or her humanity. In a classic liberal reading of human rights, key elements

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Milena Sterio

14. Human rights Milena Sterio1 1. INTRODUCTION The human rights framework plays a crucial role in post-conflict state-building processes. Human rights today—consisting of an intricate network of treaty obligations and other normative documents and doctrines which bind the vast majority of states—are intrinsically linked to fundamental areas of post-conflict state building, such as development, security, transitional justice, and rule of law. This chapter will discuss the modern-day human rights framework as well as explain how this framework has come to play a

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Human Rights

Old Problems, New Possibilities

Edited by David Kinley, Wojciech Sadurski and Kevin Walton

Reflecting on the various dichotomies through which human rights have traditionally been understood, this book takes account of recent developments in both theories of rights and in international human rights law to present new ways of thinking about some long-standing problems.
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Jonathan O’Donohue

14. Human rights compliance Jonathan O’Donohue The Rome Statute contains the strongest human rights framework in the history of international criminal justice. Establishing the International Criminal Court (hereafter ‘ICC’ or ‘Court’) to investigate and prosecute crimes under international law that mostly involve serious human rights violations and abuses, the Statute requires the Court to: ensure the rights of the accused and a fair trial;1 protect and support witnesses and victims appearing before the Court;2 and allow victims to participate in proceedings3

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Contesting Human Rights

Norms, Institutions and Practice

Edited by Alison Brysk and Michael Stohl

Illustrated with case studies from across the globe, Contesting Human Rights provides an innovative approach to human rights, and examines the barriers and changing pathways to the full realisation of these rights. Presenting a thorough proposal for the reframing of human rights, the volume suggests that new opportunities at, and below, the state level, and creative pathways of global governance can help reconstruct human rights in the face of modern challenges.
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Abdullah Saeed

Human Rights and Islam 3.    Islamic human rights instruments This chapter looks at the efforts made by Muslims to engage with the international human rights discourse of the twentieth century. This engagement has sought to conceptualise human rights within an Islamic frame of reference and in doing so, a number of “Islamic” human rights instruments have been developed. This chapter will consider three of these documents, which broadly reflect the approaches and characteristics of the broader debate. BACKGROUND When the UDHR was adopted in 1948, most

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Edward Anderson

5.  Economics and human rights Edward Anderson INTRODUCTION There is undoubtedly much skepticism, and relatively little dialogue, between economists and human rights scholars. Economists have often viewed human rights, particularly economic and social rights, as vague and impractical.1 Human rights scholars often view economists as being preoccupied with economic growth and other aggregate social outcomes, without due consideration for the rights of vulnerable groups. At the heart lies a perceived fundamental conceptual difference between the consequentialist

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Wahyu Yun Santoso

Contents VII.22.1 Introduction VII.22.2 Human rights and the environment VII.22.3 Biodiversity and the challenges of conservation VII.22.4 Rights of local communities and biodiversity VII.22.5 Conclusion VII.22.1 Introduction This chapter examines how biodiversity loss undermines human rights. It concludes that, as the threats to biodiversity are imminent, environmental rights cannot be separated from the fulfilment of human rights. It first examines briefly the link between human rights and environment, then actualizes how

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Bruce Porter

15. Interdependence of human rights Bruce Porter 1. INTRODUCTION The primary source and authority for the modern principle of interdependence of human rights is the oft-cited statement in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (Vienna Declaration) adopted by consensus on 25 June 1993 at the Second World Conference on Human Rights: ‘All human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent and interrelated. The international community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing, and with the same emphasis.’1 The