You are looking at 1 - 10 of 487 items :

  • indoor environmental quality x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

Joshua C Gellers

quality. 2 Yet, people across the developed world spend over 90 per cent of their time indoors. 3 Indeed, ‘the indoor realm is our natural environment’. 4 Therefore, a discussion of environmental rights requires consideration of how the built environment affects prospects for full implementation of such rights. By built environment, I mean ‘that which is constituted by human artefacts, of which architecture (that is, buildings) is a prime exemplar’. 5 Anything that does not involve the purposive creation of places ‘made by people for people’ is considered part of

You do not have access to this content

I

Edited by Nicholas A. Robinson, Wang Xi, Lin Harmon and Sarah Wegmueller

IAQ See Indoor Air Quality . IAQ Backgrounder (室内空气质量简报) (shì nèi kōng qì zhì liàng jiǎn bào) A component of the IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit that provides a general introduction to IAQ issues, as well as IAQ program implementation information. [US EPA Glossary of Indoor Air Quality Terms ( 2011 )] IAQ Checklist (室内空气质量检查表) (shì nèi kōng qì zhì liàng jiǎn chá biǎo) A component of the IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit containing information and suggested easy-to-do activities for school staff to improve or maintain good indoor air quality. Each

You do not have access to this content

S

Edited by Nicholas A. Robinson, Wang Xi, Lin Harmon and Sarah Wegmueller

Air Pollutants (源 (室内空气污染)) (yuán (shì nèi kōng qì wū rǎn)) Indoor air pollutants can originate within the building or be drawn in from outdoors. Common sources include people, room furnishings such as carpeting, photocopiers, art supplies, etc. [US EPA Glossary of Indoor Air Quality Terms ( 2011 )] Sources of International Environmental Law (国际环境法渊源) (guó jì huán jìng fǎ yuān yuán) The treaties and multilateral environmental agreements, together with the general principles of environmental law as found in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

You do not have access to this content

Stephen C. Hirtle

Environmental Psychology, 17 (3), 199–213. Hirtle, S.C. (2011), Geographical Design: Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science, San Rafael, CA: Morgan and Claypool. Hirtle, S.C. and C.R. Bahm (2015), Cognition for the navigation of complex indoor environments, in H.A. Karami (ed.), Indoor Wayfinding and Navigation, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 1–12. Hirtle, S.C., K-F. Richter, S. Srinivas and R. Firth (2010), This is the tricky part: When directions become difficult, Journal of Spatial Information Science, 1 (1), 53–73. Hölscher, C., T. Meilinger, G

This content is available to you

Editorial

Questioning the constructs: ‘the environment’ and ‘(human) rights’

Edited by Anna Grear

their predominant focus on ‘the natural environment’ to embrace environments constructed by human beings for human habitation and work. Gellers argues that environmental rights, in conjunction with international human rights concerning the provision of shelter, water and sanitation, and health, converge to make a powerful platform for the protection of rights in the ‘built environment’. Indeed, Gellers goes further to argue that the protection of ‘indoor environmental quality’ is necessary for the ‘full realization of health, housing, water and sanitation and

You do not have access to this content

E

Edited by Nicholas A. Robinson, Wang Xi, Lin Harmon and Sarah Wegmueller

)] Environmental Agents (环境媒介) (huán jìng méi jiè) Conditions other than indoor air contaminants that cause stress, comfort, and/or health problems (e.g., humidity extremes, drafts, lack of air circulation, noise, and over-crowding). [US EPA Glossary of Indoor Air Quality Terms ( 2011 )] Environmental Aspects (环境侧面) (huán jìng cè miàn) Elements of an organization’s activities, products, and services which can interact with the environment. [Von Zharen, ISO 14000, p. 197 ( 1996 )] Environmental Assessment Form (EAF) (环境评价表格) (huán jìng píng jià biǎo gé) As used in the

You do not have access to this content

P

Edited by Nicholas A. Robinson, Wang Xi, Lin Harmon and Sarah Wegmueller

) The quality of the soil that enables water or air to move downward through the profile. The rate at which a saturated soil transmits water is accepted as a measure of this quality. In soil physics, the rate is referred to as “saturated hydraulic conductivity.” [Urban Soil Primer, p. 73 ( 2005 )] Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) (可允许的暴露限值) (kě yǔn xǔ de bào lù xiàn zhí) Standards set by the Occupational, Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). [US EPA Glossary of Indoor Air Quality Terms ( 2011 )] Permit (许可) (xǔ kě) The permission granted by a

You do not have access to this content

Julie Cidell

and/or water. These include indoor environmental quality (e.g. low-emission paints and carpets), materials and resources (e.g. local materials or rapidly renewable materials such as bamboo), and the site of the building (e.g. close to transit or reusing an existing building). This holistic, flexible perspective means that certified green buildings can be very different from each other, based on which credits they earn. While there is certainly criticism that the term ‘green building’ is therefore too amorphous to be useful, others argue that it is this flexibility

You do not have access to this content

Arik Levinson

6. The ups and downs of the environmental Kuznets curve Arik Levinson INTRODUCTION Almost ten years ago, Grossman and Krueger (1993) and the World Bank (1992), publicized evidence that some measures of environmental quality appear to deteriorate with countries’ economic growth at low levels of income per capita, and then to improve with economic growth at higher levels of income. Poor countries’ environments get more polluted with economic growth, while rich countries’ environments improve. Because this pattern of pollution and income bears superficial resemblance

You do not have access to this content

Elizabeth Shove

way of detecting, let alone influencing, longer-term transformations of technology, culture and practice. As a result, large reaches of social environmental change quite simply disappear from view. In the next section I consider recent developments in the global indoor environment in order to illustrate this point and explore ways of conceptualising and modifying long-term swings in what people take to be normal and necessary patterns of consumption. 6.3 CONSUMING COMFORT – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT Although people have reported being