You are looking at 1 - 10 of 43,319 items :

nature x
Clear All
You do not have access to this content

Edited by Heinz D. Kurz and Neri Salvadori

Marshall, A. (1946), Principles of Economics, London: Macmillan. Ricardo, D. (1951-73), The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, 11 vols, ed. P. Sraffa, with the collaboration of M.H. Dobb, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; referred to in the text as Works. Smith, A. (1976), An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, 1st edn 1776; Vol. I1 of The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence o Adam Smith, f ed. R.H. Campbell, AS. Skinner and W.B. Todd, Oxford: Oxford University Press; referred to in the text as WN. Sraffa, P. (1960

You do not have access to this content

David Pearce, Kirk Hamilton and Giles Atkinson

9. Valuing nature David Pearce, Kirk Hamilton and Giles Atkinson 1 INTRODUCTION Roefie Hueting’s New Scarcity and Economic Growth (Hueting, 1980) has a deserved place in the history of environmental economics. Roefie warned that slavish adherence to gross national product (GNP) as an indicator of human well-being was totally misleading because of its exclusion of so many of the factors that contribute to that well-being, not least the quality of the services provided to us by the natural environment. While this observation is today a commonplace, we often risk

You do not have access to this content

R. Quentin Grafton, Harry W. Nelson, N. Ross Lambie and Paul R. Wyrwoll

Tourism that has, as its main attraction, access to nature. Nature tourism differs from ecotourism in that nature tourism does not necessarily meet criteria designed to ensure low environmental impacts.

You do not have access to this content

Edited by Philipp H. Pattberg and Fariborz Zelli

Definitions The social critic Raymond Williams famously remarked that ‘nature’ is one of the most contested words in the English language. So many people use it in so many ways that it is hard to nail down. This should come as no surprise to students of global environmental politics and governance, since nature’s place in the discipline and in global environmental affairs in general is a changing, uncertain one. While much environmental concern revolves around nature, people have held and continue to hold different understandings of the term across time and

You do not have access to this content

Jennifer Howard-Grenville

3. Nature and culture Any given environment we know . . . exists as a structure of meaningful distinctions. (Douglas, 1972: 139) Members of any culture, including organizational cultures, hold particular and partial views of the natural environment and appropriate actions toward it. Broad trends, such as those outlined in the previous chapter, can capture and bound the scope and character of a company’s interactions with the environment, but the details of such interactions also depend on how the company’s members perceive the issues, label them as problems

You do not have access to this content

Filippo Valguarnera

JOBNAME: Graziadei & Smith PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Tue Dec 20 10:52:53 2016 11. Access to nature Filippo Valguarnera 1. INTRODUCTION In 1979, the United States Supreme Court declared that the right to exclude others is ‘one of the most essential sticks in the bundle of rights that are commonly characterized as property’.1 While the sticks metaphor is quintessentially common law, the main point of the statement – the centrality of the right to exclude for the notion of property – is, arguably, common to many Western legal traditions. This notion is implicitly

You do not have access to this content

James McGlade and Elizabeth Garnsey

1. The nature of complexity James McGlade and Elizabeth Garnsey BACKGROUND Over the past decades, theories of chaos, complexity and the idea of a new non-linear science have become increasingly prominent in leading edge research in the physical and biological sciences, and have diffused into the social sciences. Complexity driven research is currently engaging physicists, biologists, ecologists, geographers and sociologists alike, supported by a rapid growth of specialist academic journals and popular science books (see Edmonds 1996; McGlade and van der Leeuw

You do not have access to this content

Eli P. Fenichel, Sathya Gopalakrishnan and Onon Bayasgalan

7.  Bioeconomics: nature as capital Eli P. Fenichel, Sathya Gopalakrishnan and Onon Bayasgalan 7.1  BIOECONOMICS: NATURE AS CAPITAL The idea that ecosystems generate value is foundational in environmental and resource economics (Brown 2000; Freeman 2003). The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) placed the issue of valuing nature at the forefront of many interdisciplinary policy discussions (Daily et al. 2000; Worm et al. 2006; Daily et al. 2009; Polasky and Segerson 2009), and the importance of considering the value of ecosystems is now pervasive and

You do not have access to this content

Geert Van Calster and Leonie Reins

EU Environmental Law 10.  Biodiversity and nature conservation Risks to natural resources, that is, biodiversity loss and degradation, have been an intense focus of the EU for quite some time. In the Commission’s 2001 Sustainable Development Study, 1 it was recognised that biodiversity loss in the EU was one of the biggest environmental challenges 2 threatening the “future well-being of European society”. 3 Further, in the EU biodiversity strategy for the period up to 2020, 4 the EU, having failed to attain the 2010 goal, aims at “reversing

You do not have access to this content

Sven Illeris

2 The nature of services Sven Illeris Introduction The questions to be discussed in this chapter concern the basic characteristics of services. First, is it useful to consider services as one of the main categories of all economic activities and products, a class on the highest level of classification? Here, it should be noted that the word ‘services’ has several meanings. Two are relevant in this book; however, this double use of the word has rarely caused confusion: ● ● services are a group of activities: trading, playing, driving and so on; and services are