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Roderick P. Neumann

JOBNAME: Bryant PAGE: 1 SESS: 7 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 28 13:37:25 2015 34. Political ecology of scale Roderick P. Neumann* Scale has long been a concept of central concern in political–ecological analyses. Among the earliest efforts to frame political ecology, Blaikie and Brookfield (1987: 17) wrote that the complexity of human–environment interactions demands an approach that encompasses ‘the contribution of different geographical scales and hierarchies of socioeconomic organizations (e.g., person, household, village, region, state, world)’. Zimmerer and Bassett

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Raymond L. Bryant

JOBNAME: Bryant PAGE: 1 SESS: 4 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 28 13:37:25 2015 2. Reflecting on political ecology Raymond L. Bryant It was with some apprehension that I agreed to become editor of an international handbook of political ecology for Edward Elgar in February 2011. In a scholarly context where edited books apparently ‘count’ for less, assuming such a responsibility seemed to go against the grain of the academic direction of travel in the brave new UK university world of the early twenty-first century. Then there was the daunting size of the endeavour: a large

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Benjamin K. Sovacool

3  Advancing the international political economy of climate change adaptation: political ecology, political economy and social justice* Benjamin K. Sovacool 1. INTRODUCTION Despite all their prospective benefits and the global need to proactively adapt to human induced climate change, something may be going softly awry with adaptation projects – defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as the ‘process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects’.1 One survey of 1,741 studies of climate change adaptation between 2006 and

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Farhana Sultana

JOBNAME: Bryant PAGE: 1 SESS: 6 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 28 13:37:25 2015 45. Emotional political ecology Farhana Sultana* Feminist scholarship has enriched political ecology and resources management literatures by attesting to the central importance of gender relations in resource struggles of various kinds across places (Agarwal, 1992; Rocheleau et al., 1996). Recent work builds on this contribution by demonstrating that gender is performed and negotiated through such struggles while involving power relations that condition bodies, spaces and environments (Gururani

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Arturo Escobar

6 Postconstructivist political ecologies Arturo Escobar Three generations of political ecology Political ecology (PE) is an interdisciplinary field that has been under development for several decades; the process of constructing it has been marked by rich epistemological, paradigmatic and political debates since its inception. It is broadly recognized that it emerged in the 1970s out of the interweaving of several ecologically oriented frameworks and political economy. By bringing these two fields together, PE aimed to work through their respective deficiencies

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Kieron Flanagan, Ian Miles and Matthias Weber

13. The social and political ecology of industrial ecology Kieron Flanagan, Ian Miles and Matthias Weber INTRODUCTION This chapter argues that a multidimensional examination of governance issues is an essential part of strategic analysis of the process of achieving more sustainable industrial systems. It begins with some clarification of terminology – first of governance itself, and then of the ‘knowledge-based economy’. The latter term points to some major social developments – also signified with different patterns of emphasis, by such terms as service economy

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Raymond L. Bryant

JOBNAME: Bryant PAGE: 3 SESS: 7 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 28 13:37:25 2015 1. Political ecology: handbook topics and themes Raymond L. Bryant* This International Handbook unites many of the world’s leading scholars of political ecology, while also introducing new and less heard voices from that community. While its international lineage is a long one, the field’s present form notably dates from the 1970s through the 1990s, when debates over politics, power, class, the state, gender and North–South relations helped to crystallize thinking in political ecology. As the size

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Jennifer E. Baka

34.  Political-industrial ecologies of energy Jennifer E. Baka INTRODUCTION In December 2008 Air New Zealand successfully completed a two-hour test flight of a Boeing 747 fueled by a blend of Jatropha curcas biofuels and conventional jet fuel (Kanter, 2008). Hailed as a milestone in commercial aviation, the flight wove together the livelihoods of Jatropha farmers in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania and India, sustainability certification experts headquartered in Switzerland and an array of aviation executives, most prominently the Chief Executive Officer of Virgin

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Enrique Leff

JOBNAME: Bryant PAGE: 1 SESS: 4 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 28 13:37:25 2015 4. Encountering political ecology: epistemology and emancipation Enrique Leff This chapter considers the development of political ecology with an eye to how this research field has been shaped by Latin American experiences and scholarship. This is not simply a story about how a political ecology perspective offers useful insights into past and present political, economic, cultural and ecological processes in this geographical region. Rather, it is about how social movements in this region and

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Peter Newell

20 The political ecology of globalization Peter Newell This chapter seeks to contribute to debates about globalization and the environment by showing how the social forces that are central to contemporary capitalist globalization are also decisive shapers of environmental outcomes. The primacy of intensifying accumulation on a global scale creates critical ecological and political challenges, notably whether viable accumulation strategies can be identified that are less resource intensive or may even profit from reduced resource use, or whether environmental