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Andrej Savin

EU Internet Law 6.    Intellectual property The European Union regulates intellectual property (IP) rights comprehensively. 1 Most of the areas traditionally included in IP law are addressed in various related policies and documents, covered by one or more Regulations or Directives and are frequently addressed in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). EU law affects national IP rights in two ways. First, it harmonizes various IP rights or establishes unitary EU-wide IP rights. We examine this aspect in the sections below. Secondly, it

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Miranda Forsyth

5  Intellectual property Miranda Forsyth INTRODUCTION Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are rights over intangible products of the human mind, such as designs, stories, creations, inventions, processes and knowledge. They are commonly classified into copyright, patent, trademark, designs, geographical indications of origin and an increasingly diverse array of other subject matter.1 Intellectual property today is linked to almost every sphere of life and the regulation of intellectual property rights is being woven in ever-tightening strands across the globe at

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Intellectual property

Applications

Miguel González-Maestre

✐ ✐ ✐ ✐ 14. Intellectual property Miguel González-Maestre∗ 1 INTRODUCTION In this survey, we discuss the current literature on intellectual property, from a perspective that takes into account two main features of the evolution of modern economies: First, the increasing level of complexity associated with the production and design of goods. This aspect is more relevant in some industries than in others. But it is clear that, in general, the development of new products is, increasingly, the result of assembling many parts, which, in turn, implies the

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Mark Busse

7 Property Mark Busse In colloquial English, ‘property’ refers to things that belong to a person or group. One thinks of things like land, houses, cars and paintings, and more recently, perhaps, of songs, software or artistic designs. Things, and the relationship between things and the people who own them, comprise the two parts of dictionary definitions of property as owning, being owned and things that are owned. While such usage emphasises property as objects or things, anthropologists and legal scholars generally understand property in terms of social

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Chris Hann

CHAPTER 07 21/2/05 8:54 AM Page 4 7 Property Chris Hann One key element in the anthropologist’s approach to property (as to other key concepts) is to ‘relativise’, to question whether the understanding that has emerged in our intellectual traditions can provide an adequate base for understanding others. The English term ‘property’ is closely tied to the history of enclosures and the emergence of capitalism. It may be misleading to conceive the complex, non-exclusive patterns of access and use characteristic of precapitalist land tenure in terms of property

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Thomas J. Miceli

~ ~~ ~ 9 Property Thomas J. Miceli Introduction The concept of property is fundamental to both law and economics. The law defines and protects the bundle of rights that constitute property, thereby creating the legal framework within which resource allocation and wealth distribution take place. The economic approach to property law emphasizes its role in promoting an efficient allocation of resources. Accomplishing this goal generally involves creation and protection of individual rights in property so as to encourage exchange and investment, though, in some

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Thomas J. Miceli

15 Property Thomas J. Miceli Introduction The concept of property is fundamental to both law and economics. The law defines and protects the bundle of rights that constitute property, thereby creating the legal framework within which resource allocation and wealth distribution take place. The economic approach to property law emphasizes its role in promoting an efficient allocation of resources. Accomplishing this goal generally involves creation and protection of individual rights in property so as to encourage exchange and investment, though, in some cases

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Peter Stone

STONE ON PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE EUROPEAN UNION FOURTH EDITION 22 MAINTENANCE AND PROPERTY A.    INTRODUCTION 22.01 B.    MAINTENANCE OBLIGATIONS 22.04 1.    The legislation 22.04 2.    Scope 22.09 3.    Existing international conventions 22.16 4.    Transitional provisions 22.17 5.    Direct jurisdiction 22.19 6.    Choice of law 22.37 7.    Recognition and enforcement 22.48 (a)    Recognition and enforcement under Section 1 22.53 (b

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Taxing land and property

Development from Below

Roy Bahl and Richard M. Bird

Fiscal Decentralization and Local Finance in Developing Countries 6.  Taxing land and property The classical economists of the early 19th century, beginning with David Ricardo, recognized that in theory, the land value tax was almost the perfect tax. (Netzer, 1998, p. x) Most proposals to reform local government finance in developing countries include upgrading the property tax. The tax seems well suited to local governments, it is generally assigned to them and it is almost always poorly structured and administered. External donors have invested

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Sara Bannerman

JOBNAME: Ullrich PAGE: 1 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Tue Jul 3 08:51:01 2018 6. Sara Bannerman Remodelling global intellectual property I. INTRODUCTION Critique of current forms of globalization and international institutions, in the second decade of the new millennium, has reached new heights.1 The privatization of knowledge under expanding global intellectual property norms has been subject to stringent critique.2 In this context, the access to knowledge (A2K) movement has become a connection point for a diverse set of groups that all hope to realize technological and