2. Studying public policy What is ‘policy studies’, where does it fit, and what can it reasonably hope to achieve? Answering these questions is the first challenge of any attempt to interrogate how we theorize public policy. Policy studies covers a range of areas from what governments do and don’t do, to how they do it, to why they do it, to whether they should or shouldn’t do it. The relationship between policy studies and the traditional academic disciplines is not always clear, with some public policy researchers adamant that they are not political scientists
A Political Values Perspective
Linda C. Botterill and Alan Fenna
22. Tourism and public policy Christof Pforr 1. CHANGING REALITIES While there is no universally accepted understanding of public policy this diversity and complexity does not mean that there is no common footing which provides some orientation. It is generally agreed that public policies result from decisions or non-decisions made by government (Howlett and Ramesh, 1995). Dye’s (1987: 2) widely used succinct, government-centric definition (“whatever governments choose to do or not to do”), for instance, offers a solid foundation for more elaborate
Kent E. Portney
33. Sustainability and public policy Kent E. Portney This chapter is about sustainability. It is about the concepts, the intellectual foundations and underpinnings of the idea of sustainability, how the associated concepts have been applied in various contexts, how sustainability relates to the biophysical environment, and the public policies that have been developed in an effort to pursue that idea. It takes a broad view of the ideas of sustainability rather than delving deeply into any one set of underpinnings. This chapter provides the conceptual foundations
A ground for refusing grant or registration of intellectual property rights, often linked with morality. An invention may be contrary to public policy (as contraceptives once were); so too may a trade mark or a registered design. There is no express exception in UK copyright law, but Glynn v W eston Feature Films  1 Ch 261 1721 provides an example – albeit a rather old one – of a copyright work being denied protection from infringement on morality grounds.
Edited by Aynsley Kellow, Tony Porter and Karsten Ronit
Linda C. Botterill and Alan Fenna
1. Public policy and political values It is well over half a century since Harold Lasswell articulated the need for a ‘policy sciences of democracy’.1 In that time, numerous scholarly books and articles have been published, and sundry frameworks, typologies and models have been produced, some aspiring to the status of policy ‘theory’, others making less ambitious claims. The notion of a ‘policy science’ has, however, proven illusory; interdisciplinarity perpetually seems just out of reach; and policy studies has wandered down various other paths. Of most concern
13. Public support for climate policy Stefan Drews 1. INTRODUCTION Governments around the world need to implement effective policies to meet the targets of the 2015 Paris climate agreement. The adoption of new policies, as well as maintaining or increasing the stringency of existing policies, is however often impeded by a lack of public support or outright public opposition. This chapter aims to shed light on the question of why citizens support or oppose policies to mitigate climate change. A variety of factors can explain this phenomenon, which range from the
The Impact of Public Policy on Entrepreneurial Outcomes
Edited by Gregory M. Randolph, Michael T. Tasto and Robert F. Salvino Jr.
Chris Berg, Sinclair Davidson and Jason Potts
Understanding the Blockchain Economy 8. Public policy in a blockchain era Digital currencies were always a partly political endeavour. The crypto-anarchists sought to develop new mechanisms to get around the power of the state. Cryptography would be deployed as a weapon against the state. Satoshi Nakamoto wrote that Bitcoin would be ‘very attractive to the libertarian viewpoint’. 1 But governments, for their part, have been deeply intertwined with the history of cryptography. They have heavily subsidised its development, whether doing that research