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Kristina Tamm Hallström and Magnus Boström

4. Forest Stewardship Council A forest crisis, existing since the late 1970s, served as a background for the market-based initiatives in forest policy during the 1990s (e.g. Elliot, 1999; Domask, 2003; Dingwerth, 2005; Pattberg, 2007). Such threats as tropical deforestation and loss of old-growth forests in temperate and boreal zones, as well as threats to biodiversity, ecological functions, and the land rights of indigenous people, fuelled social movements in their targeting of forestrelated industries during the 1980s. Between 1980 and 1995, the planet lost 7

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Kristina Tamm Hallström and Magnus Boström

5. Marine Stewardship Council During the last two decades, the depletion of fish stocks through industrial overfishing and destruction of marine habitats have been among the most infected and debated environmental issues globally. Controversies have escalated: marine scientists versus fishers; big fishing industries versus environmental NGOs; large-scale versus small-scale fisheries in the high seas and coastal waters; and conflicts among fishing nations, including developed versus developing countries. Various regulatory efforts to counteract this escalating

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Stuart J. Smyth, A. Bryan Endres, Thomas P. Redick and Drew L. Kershen

6. Coexistence Strategies and Industrial Stewardship INTRODUCTION As farmers increasingly turn to the cultivation of transgenic plant varieties the potential for the adventitious mixture of genetically modified DNA with products produced via organic and conventional (non-biotech) methods also rises. Many sectors of the global food/feed supply chain, however, demand segregation of product into GMlGM-free pipelines. The ability of farmers to choose between conventional, organic and biotech crop production methods and achieve required purity levels-commonly referred

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James J.T. Connolly, Erika S. Svendsen, Dana R. Fisher and Lindsay K. Campbell

5  Mixed methods analysis of urban environmental stewardship networks1 James J.T. Connolly, Erika S. Svendsen, Dana R. Fisher, and Lindsay K. Campbell 5.1  INTRODUCTION The set of organizations associated with governance of urban ecological processes has shifted since the 1970s (Weber 2000; Kempton et al. 2001; Horton 2004; Corburn 2005; Andrews and Edwards 2005; Svendsen and Campbell 2005; Kramer 2007). In this time, local urban environmental stewardship groups have become an important part of the regular management of natural systems in cities (Shabecoff 1996

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Irene Henriques

9. How can sustainable environmental stewardship enhance global competitiveness? Irene Henriques ‘A system must be managed. It will not manage itself. Left to themselves in the Western world, components become selfish, competitive. We cannot afford the destructive effect of competition.’ William Edwards Deming (2000) in The New Economics for Industry, Government, Education According to Hill (2006), globalization refers to the moving away from an economic system in which national markets are distinct entities, isolated by trade barriers and barriers of distance

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Raymond W.Y. Kao, Rowland R. Kao and Kenneth R. Kao

17 Evolution of entrepreneurship: toward stewardship-based economics Raymond W.Y. Kao, Rowland R. Kao and Kenneth R. Kao At the 1995 Entrepreneurship Conference held in Shanghai and jointly run by China’s Fu-Dan University and Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, the senior author delivered an opening address in which he noted that entrepreneurship should be identified as a creative and innovative human activity that benefits both self-interest and the common good. A young attendee commented: In your address, you said that people in the drug

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Edited by Subhash C. Jain and Ben L. Kedia

It is apparent that environmental issues affect the livelihoods and well being of individuals, communities and businesses the world over. In that vein, this book examines the impact that climate change and other environmental factors have on business. The effect of climate change, while a significant factor, will influence business slowly, but inexorably. Executives should manage environmental risk at three levels: regulatory compliance, potential liability from industrial accidents, and pollutant release mitigation.
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Nate Gabriel

13.  Mending fences: constituting urban subjects through environmental stewardship Nate Gabriel INTRODUCTION Since the mid-­­1800s, urban governments have been establishing and maintaining explicitly “natural” areas within and adjacent to urban centers. While the ways in which urban nature has been imagined and managed have certainly not remained consistent during the last 150 years, recent interest in ecological restoration of these spaces arguably returns to a mid-­ nineteenth-­­century model, consistent with some of the earliest imaginings of wilderness as

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Daniel Esty and Maria Ivanova

19. Globalisation and Environmental Stewardship: A Global Governance Perspective Daniel Esty and Maria Ivanova SUMMARY In this chapter, we disaggregate the impact of globalisation on the environment into economic, regulatory, information, and pluralisation effects. We complement this structure with an analysis of how national and global environmental policies affect globalisation. We then argue that there is a need for a revitalised governance regime to organise and sustain international environmental cooperation, and propose a reform of existing governance

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Kabir Sanjay Bavikatte and Tom Bennett

resources in and on the land. In the literature, this relationship is generally described as one of stewardship. 4 As yet, international environmental lawyers have undertaken little or no research into the development of biocultural rights, nor have they done much even to acknowledge these rights. As a result, although rights practised by different types of community have very similar content, no connection between them has been made. For instance, because of ostensible differences between the activities of livestock keepers, farmers and gatherers, their cases were