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EU trade policy

Interpretive Approaches to the EU

Yelter Bollen

10.  EU trade policy Yelter Bollen Although it is one of the oldest and most important supranational competencies, trade policy has so far failed to attract much attention from interpretivist scholars. This is a pity, given that the complexities and the increasingly normative tone of EU trade politics lend themselves well to a post-positivist gaze.1 To support this claim, this chapter begins with an overview of the policy’s main features and a brief discussion of why it might appeal to interpretivists. I then present the academic ‘state of the art’, reviewing

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Matthew Eagleton-Pierce

7.  EU trade policy and civil society Matthew Eagleton-Pierce 7.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter is preoccupied with exploring the ties between EU trade policymaking and civil society. Within the politics of commercial exchange, our understanding of the relations between the EU institutions and trade-facing, civil society groups can help to inform larger questions of participation, agenda-setting, and material outcomes. Since the 1990s, the EU has faced reoccurring problems of legitimacy within this policy domain. In terms of input dimensions of legitimacy, many

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María García

3.  EU trade policy from a political perspective María García 3.1 INTRODUCTION From the early days of European integration, the common commercial policy (CCP) or trade policy, has been at the heart of the project. The creation of a European customs union and single market necessitated the development of a common external tariff (CET) to remove the incentive for economic actors to import goods into the European market through the member state with the lowest tariffs, and then circulate them freely within the market. To ensure the adoption of a CET and a joint

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Michael Smith

9.  Trade policy and foreign policy in the European Union Trade policy and foreign policy in the EU Michael Smith 9.1 INTRODUCTION For a long time it was assumed that foreign policy and trade policy inhabited different worlds when it came to international policy-making: the one was concerned with ‘high politics’, security and vital national interests, the other with ‘low politics’, technical and legal issues and the commercial interests of countries. This was never more than an artificial distinction, albeit reinforced by institutional and cultural boundaries

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Lars Nilsson

4.  The European Commission’s role in trade policy Lars Nilsson 4.1 INTRODUCTION The European Commission (the Commission) is led by the Commission President who decides the policy area(s) of responsibility for each of the Commissioners (one from each EU country). The College of Commissioners includes the President of the Commission, the current seven Vice-Presidents, the High-Representative of the Union for Foreign Policy and Security Policy and 20 Commissioners in charge of portfolios. The College decides on the strategic objectives and draws up the annual work

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Thomas Cottier

1. International trade, human rights and policy space Thomas Cottier I.  THE CALL FOR POLICY SPACE The call for domestic policy space characterises recent debates on trade and investment in international economic law. In the wake of globalization, the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a number of new agreements, critics deplore the loss of policy space in domestic law and on national levels, in particular in developing countries.1 Governments, it is argued, are no longer able to pursue appropriate policies and are unduly restrained by

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George Norman and Darlene C. Chisholm

Government trade policies that are intended to increase domestic welfare , even if this decreases welfare overseas. These policies typically are formulated to benefit domestic firms over their international rivals.

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William A. Kerr

1 Introduction to trade policy William A. Kerr The study of international trade by economists can be roughly divided into three general areas of inquiry: (a) trade theory; (b) empirical studies of trade; and (c) trade policy. The former seeks fundamental insights through the rigorous application of structural formalism and tightly specified assumptions. Empirical studies test the propositions of trade theory (Perdikis and Kerr, 1998) or attempt to garner insights from the statistical evidence pertaining to trade flows and related economic indicators. Trade policy

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Edited by David Alexander Clark

Trade and industrial policy 633 Brandes, S. (1988), Power and Persuasion: Fiestas and Social Control in Rural Mexico, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. Brown, G. and R. Giles (1994), ‘Coping with tourism: an examination of resident responses to the social impact of tourism’, in A. Seaton (ed.), Tourism: The State of the Art, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 755–64. Butler, R. (1992), ‘Alternative tourism: the thin edge of the wedge’, in V.L. Smith and W.R. Eadington (eds), Tourism Alternatives: Potentials and Problems in the Development of

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Henry J. Bruton

38 Trade policy and development Henry J. Bruton Introduction The countries of Western Europe, northern North America, and Australia and New Zealand (the North) began to achieve increasing per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in the first part of the nineteenth century. Growth, so measured, while not uninterrupted, became sustained enough that one may say that the routine functioning of these economies produced increasing per capita GDP. Growth became, in effect, built in. As a consequence of 150–200 years of this fairly routine growth, the countries of the