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Hope Johnson

International Agricultural Law and Policy 5.  Water OVERVIEW This chapter examines the international instruments that intersect with agricultural water uses. It begins by outlining the relationships between food security, water scarcity, and agriculture, as well as the opportunities on and off farms to improve the contributions of agriculture to rights to food and water. Following this, key gaps in the international regime for fresh water, and as they relate to agriculture, are identified and critiqued. Future directions to address these gaps are

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Kevin Grecksch

19.  Water resources Kevin Grecksch INTRODUCTION You cannot step into the same river twice said Heraclitus of Ephesus 2500 years ago. Water is changing and so are the problems and challenges water governance faces. Water, literally the resource, is indispensable and not only humans need it to survive. Yet, the human relationship with water has been a history of use and abuse. Drinking water, river navigation, irrigation, canals, cooling water for thermal power stations, dams, desalination or recreation are only a few among the many uses of water. Some regions of

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Hà Lê Phan and Inga T. Winkler

JOBNAME: Breau PAGE: 1 SESS: 6 OUTPUT: Mon Aug 1 15:17:32 2016 14. Water security Hà Lê Phan and Inga T. Winkler* 1. INTRODUCTION Water security and disasters are mutually linked. On the one hand, floods (that is, too much water) and droughts (that is, too little water) may constitute disasters. On the other hand, access to water is often a significant challenge during responses to disasters, regardless of whether the disaster itself is related to water. Water security plays a pivotal role in all stages of a disaster, from prevention and mitigation through

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Water Governance

An Evaluation of Alternative Architectures

Edited by Asanga Gunawansa and Lovleen Bhullar

This insightful book explores urban water governance challenges in different parts of the world and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of publicly run, privatized, and public–private partnership managed water facilities.
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David B. Schorr

JOBNAME: Graziadei & Smith PAGE: 1 SESS: 4 OUTPUT: Tue Dec 20 10:52:53 2016 12. Water rights* David B. Schorr 1. INTRODUCTION In a world in which ever-growing demand for water meets an essentially finite supply, it is unsurprising that rights in water have received much attention from courts and legislatures. Perhaps more surprising are the radical variety of property regimes governing this resource and the intensity of attention water rights have received in the scholarly literature. ‘Property’ can sometimes connote land, the classic resource of property law

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Michael Webber, Jon Barnett, Brian Finlayson and Mark Wang

Water Supply in a Mega-City 1.  Assembling water ‘I dare not drink cold tap water’, said a 29-year-old Shanghai woman in 2016. 1 As the World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) annually reminds us, different places have widely differing attitudes towards, and behaviour with respect to, water. Some provide clean drinking water for flushing toilets, while in others people worry about showering in contaminated water. Some provide abundant clean water out of taps, while others offer standpipes and wells, or leave people to collect water from rivers and ponds

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Challenges and Dilemmas in Everyday Life

Chris Gibson, Carol Farbotko, Nicholas Gill, Lesley Head and Gordon Waitt

4. Water The combination of climate change, population growth and increasing affluence is putting pressure on water resources in both urban and rural contexts. Climate change will have most of its social impact through water-related phenomena (Falkenmark 2008). Water footprints (Hoekstra and Chapagain 2007) are now often calculated alongside carbon footprints. Water supply is clearly a global issue, but it is a regional resource requiring varied policy solutions. Unprecedented recent droughts in southeastern Australia and the southwestern United States have

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Owen McIntyre

JOBNAME: Morgera PAGE: 3 SESS: 12 OUTPUT: Tue Oct 25 10:57:47 2016 15. Water Owen McIntyre 1. INTRODUCTION Few people would now deny that reliable access to adequate fresh water supplies has become a pressing global problem. Estimates suggest that by 2030 global water requirements will nearly double those in 2005 and will exceed current reliable supply levels by 40 per cent.1 The resulting water stress that many States will suffer will alter established patterns of agricultural production, adversely affect natural ecosystems and the services they provide, and

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Hong Yang, Junguo Liu and Jun Xia

18.  Water security – China perspective Hong Yang, Junguo Liu and Jun Xia 1.  INTRODUCTION Water security is generally defined as the reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods and socio-­economic development, coupled with an acceptable level of water-­related risks. In China, water security encompasses three aspects, drinking water security, water supply security, and ecosystem security, and is linked directly with national security as stated in the State Council Document No. 1 released in early 2011 (State

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Edited by Ariel Dinar and Kurt Schwabe

Water scarcity, whether in the quality or quantity dimension, afflicts most countries. Decisions on water management and allocation over time, space, and among uses and users involve economic considerations. This Handbook assembles research that represents recent thinking and applications in water economics. The book chapters are written by leading scholars in the field who address issues related to its use, management, and value. The topics cover analytical methods, sectoral and intersectoral water issues, and issues associated with different sources of water.