In Search of Sustainable Solutions
Edited by Eran Feitelson and Erik Verhoef
Chapter 8: Sustainable underground urban goods distribution networks
Arjan J. van Binsbergen and Piet H.L. Bovy PROBLEMS RELATED TO GOODS TRANSPORTATION IN URBAN AREAS Accessibility, Environmental and Traffic Safety Problems Densely populated urban areas exhibit accessibility, environmental and traffic safety problems and these problems endanger a sustainable development. Congestion hinders people and goods from entering urban areas. This is no new phenomenon but the notion rises that mass motorization and other (technological) developments undermine the position of urban areas. This could lead to a further urban sprawl, which results in social, economical and ecological problems. Traffic causes environmental, spatial and safety problems. Goods traffic is responsible for an above-proportional share of chemical emissions and noise and is in some cases the main source of hindrance of all traffic (see Ogden, 1992). Due to their size, weight and manoeuvrability limitations, goods vehicles are relatively often involved in serious accidents (See Table 8.1). Table 8.1 Problems for and resulting from goods transport Problems for/imposed upon goods transport Accessibility and congestion Reliability of delivery times Entrance time restrictions Restrictions on vehicle size Restrictions on vehicle weight Problems imposed by goods transport Accessibility and congestion Noise Emissions Damage to infrastructure Space use and physical hindrance 157 Feitelson Part 2 13/8/01 8:53 am Page 158 158 Technological aspects In many urbanized European regions the pace of growth in goods transportation is about twice the growth rate of the economic development (GNP) however, the growth rate of goods transportation to and from cities is not that high and relatively low when looking at...
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