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Transport and Environment

In Search of Sustainable Solutions

Edited by Eran Feitelson and Erik Verhoef

The impact of transport on the environment is a major issue of worldwide concern. This important new book presents state-of-the-art contributions on spatial and technological aspects of transport in relation to environmental degradation, together with analysis of sustainable transport policy.
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Chapter 11: Land-use impacts on passenger transport: a comparison of Dutch scenario studies

Bert van Wee and Toon van der Hoorn


Bert van Wee and Toon van der Hoorn INTRODUCTION Land use has several impacts on transport. For example, long (average) distances between residential areas and retail locations result in relatively long travelling distances for shopping, a significant discrepancy between the number of jobs for the working population and the number and/or quality of jobs available in a town or countryside, which will force many people to commute over longer distances. Land-use impacts on transport, the subject of studies for many years, have been investigated using several methods. Handy (1996) distinguishes five categories: (i) model simulation studies, (ii) aggregate analysis, (iii) disaggregate analysis, (iv) choice models and (v) activitybased analyses. A distinction within category (i) can be made on a spatial scale basis: urban or regional versus supraregional. For a review of urban/regional simulation models we refer to Wegener (1998). Our chapter will focus on Dutch model simulation studies carried out for the supraregional scale since the mid-1980s, as reported in van Wee (1993, 1997) and van Wee and van der Hoorn (1997). The study described here aimed at showing the possible effects of land-use policies on passenger transport in all geographical areas from the so-called ‘Randstad’ to the Netherlands as a whole. Furthermore, the two following questions required an answer: (i) are the indicators used in the studies adequate and (ii) how well do state-of-the-art models estimate effects of land-use scenarios? The next section describes the relationships between transport, land use and the environment. The third section then presents a...

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