A Modelling Approach
- Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Edited by Bruno De Borger and Stef Proost
Chapter 11: Testing alternative transport pricing policies for Brussels
Kurt Van Dender 11.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the case study on urban transport pricing and technology regulation policies for Brussels in 2005. Section 11.2 presents a general overview of the expected transport situation in Brussels in 2005, in case there are no policy innovations with respect to 1995. Section 11.3 gives a detailed description of this reference situation. We focus on the prevailing price structure, and on subsequent ineﬃciencies in transport markets. Next, Section 11.4 deals with the results of an optimal pricing and regulation policy. The main results of other counterfactual equilibria, more speciﬁcally cordon pricing and fuel taxes, are given in Section 11.5. Section 11.6 presents a conclusion. 11.2 11.2.1 BACKGROUND TO THE CASE STUDY1 Transport Markets and Traﬃc Flows The geographical area for this case study is the zone within the outer ringroad of Brussels. This area was chosen for two reasons: (a) an analysis of available data on transport ﬂows shows that magnitude of ﬂows and average speed clearly diﬀer within and outside the ring; (b) the area within the ring is serviced by one urban public transport operator. The geographical scope also closely relates to the administrative boundaries of the Brussels Capital Region. Data on traﬃc ﬂows are derived from the projection for 2005, from IRIS (1993). These ﬂows are measured for a representative day. A day is the most relevant time scale for an analysis of urban transport problems. All prices, costs and taxes are for 2005, on...
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