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Reforming Transport Pricing in the European Union

A Modelling Approach

Edited by Bruno De Borger and Stef Proost

This timely book deals with the problem of pricing passenger and freight transportation within Europe. The contributors argue that current legislation affecting pricing and regulation is increasingly less successful in dealing with market failures and externalities such as congestion, air pollution, noise and accidents. Technological progress and greater European co-operation has brought increased scope for the reform of transport policies.
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Chapter 13: Improved transport pricing in Dublin

Edna Gibbons and Margaret O’Mahony


Edna Gibbons and Margaret O’Mahony 13.1 BACKGROUND Growth rates for Ireland in recent years have exceeded the EU average and as a result there has been significant employment growth in the 1990s. The Dublin Region has reflected national economic trends as the city is an integral part of the region’s economy. Thousands of people living in the greater Dublin area commute daily into the city to work. Many of the transport services based in the city serve regional and also national and international markets. The current and future transport requirements of the city cannot be underestimated. The population of Dublin city increased by 0.7 per cent between 1991 and 1996 from 478389 to 481854 (Central Statistics Office, 1996). Recent inner city residential development has played a major role in stemming the trend of population decline in the city. However, such development is counterbalanced by very rapid growth in the greater Dublin area. The outward spread of the city has contributed to the increasing transport problems currently evident in Dublin. While there is a need to concentrate on transport issues within the city centre, the transportation requirements of the peripheral areas must also be taken into account. The private car is the most popular mode of transport within the city with a forecasted increase in car ownership rates in line with forecasted economic growth. During the period 1991 to 1996 the number of licensed vehicles in Dublin city and county grew, on average, by 3.9 per cent per...

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