A Modelling Approach
Edited by Bruno De Borger and Stef Proost
Chapter 14: What is wrong with transport prices in London
John Peirson, Duncan Sharp and Roger Vickerman 14.1 BACKGROUND TO THE CASE STUDY In common with most large cities around the world, London is facing a major problem from traﬃc congestion. Overall traﬃc ﬂows continue to increase while average peak time traﬃc speeds are around 25 km/hour overall, although can be as low as 16 km/hour in Central London (Department of Transport, 1996). Many areas (particularly Central and Inner London) have for some time experienced all-day peaks, with little discernible diﬀerence between daytime peak and oﬀ-peak traﬃc speeds and ﬂows. Inevitably, this level of congestion leads to high external costs in the form of lost time in the movement of both people and goods, together with health and physical damage costs due to high pollution levels, noise and accidents. The prospect of an integrated transport policy, coordinated by the government or a local authority (LA), to deal with the problem of road congestion has been made more diﬃcult since the privatisation of the buses and railways. Eleven separate companies now operate train services in and around London, and it will inevitably be more diﬃcult to coordinate them into oﬀering an integrated service than when a single operator provided all of London’s heavy rail services. The government now has very little control over the running of the railways except through the Railway Regulator, which does not have a coordinating role. Although bus services are provided by private operators, the planning of bus...
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