Edited by David Pearce, Corin Pearce and Charles Palmer
Chapter 7: Conflicts in conservation: the many values of the black rhinoceros
7. Conﬂicts in conservation: the many values of the black rhinoceros Timothy Swanson, Susana Mourato, Joseph Swierzbinski and Andreas Kontoleon 1 INTRODUCTION The plight of the black rhinoceros is an important case study in the analysis of existing conservation policies. This species has been subject to the maximum level of protection that may be accorded to a species under the existing regimes, and yet its populations have seen a spectacular rate of decline. The species has been listed as endangered under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) since its inception 20 years ago, and it has been the subject of extraordinary control measures in many of its range states. Nevertheless, the populations of this species have declined dramatically and it is clear that the current policies have been unable to preserve the previously current populations of black rhinoceros in Africa. This raises important questions concerning the validity of the assumptions underlying these policies. Why do not protected areas protect endangered species? Why do not anti-poaching policies prevent poaching? Why do not trade bans prevent commercial trade? This chapter is one of a series of studies initiated by the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment to address these questions in the hope of learning from the experience with the black rhinoceros. The particular issue addressed in this chapter concerns the problem of ‘value aggregation’: the capacity for a range of diﬀerent policies to combine to produce the maximum amount of total value...
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