Edited by Raymond J.G.M. Florax, Peter Nijkamp and Kenneth G. Willis
Chapter 14: Environmental quality in European space: a methodology for research synthesis
Peter Nijkamp, Marco Geremia, Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh, Erik Verhoef* 1 INTRODUCTION Environmental quality has become a source of serious policy concern in Europe. It has also acted as a source of inspiration for new policy-driven and curiosity-driven research in many European countries (see also van den Bergh, 1996). This chapter presents the results of a project that was done for the European Science Foundation (ESF), in the context of the TERM programme (‘Tackling Environmental and Resource Management’). The project was motivated by the fact that environmental issues are increasingly recognized as major research themes all over Europe. Research councils and science foundations in various European countries have laid the foundations for innovative environmental research. The behavioural and policy aspects, however, are still overshadowed by natural science approaches and modelling experiments in which policy strategies and socioeconomic feasibility are hardly incorporated. In view of both the geographical variation and the regional diﬀerences and policy heterogeneity in Europe, there is a need – and a scientiﬁc challenge – to address the issue of environmental quality in European space from a cohesive and comparative Europe-wide * This chapter is based on the introductory and concluding sections of a special issue of the International Journal of Environment and Pollution, dedicated to the ESF-TERM project ‘Environmental Quality in European Space’ (Nijkamp et al., 1999). Neither this chapter, nor the project on which it is based, would have been possible without the cooperation of the following participants in the research teams: D. Banister; K. Bithas;...
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