Impact and Process Evaluations in Selected European Countries
Edited by Jaap de Koning and Hugh Mosley
Chapter 10: Towards intensified local level co-operation in the design and implementation of labour market policies: an evaluation of some Swedish experiments and reforms
10. Towards intensiﬁed local level co-operation in the design and implementation of labour market policies: an evaluation of some Swedish experiments and reforms1 Lars Behrenz, Lennart Delander and Harald Niklasson In May 1996 the Swedish parliament voted to initiate a series of pilot projects aimed at strengthening and improving co-operation at local level among the various agencies and organizations working to reduce high unemployment and assist the unemployed. Since July 1996 these pilot projects have been initiated in 27 municipalities on the basis of contracts between each of these municipalities and the government. At the same time, the parliament also voted to carry out an institutional reform aimed at strengthening the role of local actors in the design and implementation of labour market policy (LMP) measures, including activities ﬁnanced by means of funds speciﬁcally earmarked for such purposes by the government. As a consequence of this reform, local LMP in all Swedish municipalities (not just, as was originally conceived, in the 27 ‘experimental municipalities’) is now led and co-ordinated by a local committee in which the chairman and the majority of the members are appointed by the municipality. The remaining differences between the ‘experimental municipalities’ and other municipalities are that the former (1) have signed contracts with the government obliging them to implement a speciﬁed set of pilot projects; and (2) have committed themselves to contributing a minimum of 25 per cent of the total cost of these projects. These pilot projects are designed to support the...
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