Knowledge Flows in National Systems of Innovation A Comparative Analysis of Sociotechnical Constituencies in Europe and Latin America
A Comparative Analysis of Sociotechnical Constituencies in Europe and Latin America
- New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation series
Edited by Roberto López-Martínez and Andrea Piccaluga
Chapter 4: Constituency-building in the development of the City of Rome's telematics strategy
4. Constituency-building in the development of the City of Rome’s telematics strategy Alfonso Molina and Mirta Michilli 4.1 INTRODUCTION During the second half of the 1990s the City of Rome has promoted a process of strategy-making in the area of telematics. This process has been led by the Eurolaboratorio: a new policy instrument created by the Municipality to promote telematics developments for Rome in a European context. Although the experience is recent, it represents a revealing attempt to stimulate a systematic and simultaneous development of both strategy and clustering of players in the arena of information and communication technologies (ICTs). The Municipality of Rome is a major economic as well as political player in the region. This makes its leading participation most interesting to examine, especially because the Rome–Lazio region and, indeed Italy in general, does not exhibit a long tradition of industrial or technology policy. In this respect, the process can be said to be inscribed in a ‘macro’ national and regional context which conditions and interacts with the ‘micro’ strategy-making experience promoted by Eurolaboratorio. Ultimately, the issue is how the two dimensions combine and whether the Municipality’s efforts have the potential to unfold and achieve a transforming impact on at least the regional context. In this chapter, we shall examine this issue by using the conceptual framework described by Molina and Kinder in this book. This framework enables the treatment of contextual (‘macro’) factors through the concepts of national systems of innovation (NSI) and industrial clusters (IC)...
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